Metabolic Differences between Starch and Sucrose

@article{AlNagdy1966MetabolicDB,
  title={Metabolic Differences between Starch and Sucrose},
  author={S. Al-Nagdy and D. Miller and R. U. Qureshi and J. Yudkin},
  journal={Nature},
  year={1966},
  volume={209},
  pages={81-82}
}
SINCE 1957, papers from this department have stressed that the dietary factor involved in the aetiology of ischaemic heart disease is likely to be sugar (sucrose) rather than fat1. The evidence incriminating dietary sugar—now quite strong—is chiefly epidemiological. Investigations of populations show that the rise in the incidence of the disease coincides with the rise in the consumption of sugar and not of fat2–4. Again, during investigations of individuals we have shown that the disease is… Expand
Metabolic Differences between Dietary Liquid Glucose and Sucrose
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This work has found that diets containing sucrose, and more especially fructose, increased plasma cholesterol levels and carcass and liver fat of adult rats compared with diets containing dextrose or liquid glucose or a standard laboratory diet. Expand
Effect of Dietary Carbohydrate on Hepatic Lipogenesis in the Rat
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The results suggest that the effects of sucrose are caused by the fructose content of the sugar. Expand
Dietetic Aspects of Atherosclerosis
TLDR
The evidence is threefold; evolutionary, epidemiological, and experimental; the dietary factor involved is not fat but sugar (sucrose). Expand
Dietary Starch, Dietary Sucrose and Hepatic Pyruvate Kinase in Rat
TLDR
The experiments with rats showed that the activity of the enzyme was rapidly affected by alterations the amount of carbohydrate in the diet, being highest when the diet contained 55 percent carbohydrate and least when it contained no carbohydrate. Expand
A comparative study of the effects of white sugar, unrefined sugar and starch on the efficiency of food utilization and thermogenesis.
TLDR
These studies indicate that differences in energy balance between sugar and starch are small and that any increase in thermogenesis that occurred in some of the groups fed sugar-rich diets was in response to the higher energy intake rather than due to a lower efficiency of utilization of sucrose per se. Expand
A comparative study of the effects of white sugar , unrefined sugar and starch on the efficiency of food utilization and thermogenesis 1 ’ 2
Energy balance studies with weanling ratsand mice were carried out to investigate the chronic effects of diets containing white sugar, unrefined sugar, and starch as sole carbohydrate on bodyExpand
When does sucrose increase appetite and adiposity?
TLDR
Animal studies do not support the idea that sucrose intake causes obesity in humans and the critical factor may be presenting a wet source of calories rather than sucrose per se. Expand
Assessment of sugar intake: validity of the questionnaire method.
TLDR
Assessment of sugar intake by the authors' short questionnaire has been shown to agree well with its assessment by the conventional method in which subjects keep a 7-day diary of their diets, which is shown to be the most suitable method for ascertaining dietary intake. Expand
Sugar and coronary thrombosis.
TLDR
There is no known exception to the generalization that the incidence of coronary thrombosis in populations is proportional to their sugar consumption, and this hypothesis deserves research equally as intensive as that done on fat intake and blood cholesterol. Expand
Influence of Dietary Liquid Glucose, Sucrose and Fructose on Body Fat Formation
TLDR
The finding that a liquid glucose diet may lead to less deposition of body fat than a sucrose diet is an unexpected observation important to food manufacturers. Expand
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References

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Well-trained diabetics might do much in imparting their practical knowledge of food values to the rest of the community to bring about an economic level of good nutrition such as we experienced inExpand
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