Meta-analysis of field experiments shows no change in racial discrimination in hiring over time

  title={Meta-analysis of field experiments shows no change in racial discrimination in hiring over time},
  author={Lincoln Quillian and Devah Pager and Ole Hexel and Arnfinn H. Midtb{\o}en},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences},
  pages={10870 - 10875}
Significance Many scholars have argued that discrimination in American society has decreased over time, while others point to persisting race and ethnic gaps and subtle forms of prejudice. The question has remained unsettled due to the indirect methods often used to assess levels of discrimination. We assess trends in hiring discrimination against African Americans and Latinos over time by analyzing callback rates from all available field experiments of hiring, capitalizing on the direct… 

Figures from this paper

Comparative Perspectives on Racial Discrimination in Hiring: The Rise of Field Experiments

This article reviews studies of discrimination against racial and ethnic minority groups in hiring in cross-national comparative perspective. We focus on field-experimental studies of hiring

Measuring trends in discrimination with field experiment data

  • Stephen L. Ross
  • Economics
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
  • 2017
The study does not find a change in the level of hiring discrimination against African-Americans since 1989, but finds some evidence of declines in discrimination against Hispanics, the first attempt to measure changes in discrimination by combining data from many different testing efforts or field experiments.

Do Some Countries Discriminate More than Others? Evidence from 97 Field Experiments of Racial Discrimination in Hiring

Comparing levels of discrimination across countries can provide a window into large-scale social and political factors often described as the root of discrimination. Because of difficulties in

Do Field Experiments on Labor and Housing Markets Overstate Discrimination? A Re-examination of the Evidence

Since 2000, more than 80 field experiments across 23 countries consider the traditional dimensions of discrimination in labor and housing markets—such as discrimination based on race. These studies

Evidence from Field Experiments in Hiring Shows Substantial Additional Racial Discrimination after the Callback

Abstract:Field experiments using fictitious applications have become an increasingly important method for assessing hiring discrimination. Most field experiments of hiring, however, only observe

Racial discrimination in Britain, 1969-2017: a meta-analysis of field experiments on racial discrimination in the British labour market.

There is an enduring pattern of modest discrimination against white minorities of European heritage in contrast to much greater risks of discrimination faced by the main non-white groups, suggesting a strong racial component to discrimination.

Ethnic discrimination in the Swiss labour market - Ethnic hierarchies in correspondence test results

s of the Papers Paper 1: Measuring Hiring Discrimination – A History of Field Experiments in Discrimination Research Zschirnt, E. (2016) “Measuring Hiring Discrimination – A History of Field

Series WP-1 828 Meta-Analysis of Field Experiments Shows Significantly More Racial Discrimination in Job Offers than in Callbacks

Field experiments using fictitious applications have become an increasingly important method for assessing hiring discrimination. Most field experiments of hiring, however, only observe whether the

Discrimination at the Intersection of Age, Race, and Gender: Evidence from a Lab-in-The-Field Experiment

We use a laboratory experiment with randomized resumes and eyetracking to explore the effects of race on employment discrimination over the lifecycle. We show race discrimination against prime-age



The Use of Field Experiments for Studies of Employment Discrimination: Contributions, Critiques, and Directions for the Future

Have we conquered the problems of racial discrimination? Or have acts of discrimination become too subtle and covert for detection? This discussion serves to situate current debates about

Studying Discrimination: Fundamental Challenges and Recent Progress

We discuss research on discrimination against blacks and other racial minorities in labor market outcomes, highlighting fundamental challenges faced by empirical work in this area. Specifically, for

Racial Discrimination in the Labor Market for Recent College Graduates: Evidence from a Field Experiment

Abstract We present experimental evidence from a correspondence test of racial discrimination in the labor market for recent college graduates. We find strong evidence of differential treatment by

The Sociology of Discrimination: Racial Discrimination in Employment, Housing, Credit, and Consumer Markets.

This discussion seeks to orient readers to some of the key debates in the study of discrimination and to provide a roadmap for those interested in building upon this long and important line of research.

Indiscriminate Discrimination: A Correspondence Test for Ethnic Homophily in the Chicago Labor Market

Numerous field experiments have demonstrated the existence of discrimination in labor markets against specific minority groups. This paper uses a correspondence test to determine whether this

Discrimination in Industrial Employment

Empirical evidence suggests that race and sex discrimination may still exist in industry. This study investigated the existence of race and sex discrimination in the evaluation of job applicant

Race, Self-Selection, and the Job Search Process1

Drawing on two original data sets with application-specific information, it is found that perceptions of discrimination are associated with increased search breadth, suggesting that broad search among African-Americans represents an adaptation to labor market discrimination.

Scaling the Pyramid: A Sociolegal Model of Employment Discrimination Litigation

This chapter develops a sociolegal model of employment discrimination law in the United States. It addresses two competing characterizations of employment discrimination law: that it is an

Prejudice and Politics: Symbolic Racism Versus Racial Threats to the Good Life

Although theories of prejudice have been extensively catalogued, empirical confrontations between competing theories are surprisingly rare. The primary goal of the present research was to test two


Ample experimental evidence shows that the stigma of a prison record reduces employment opportunities (Pager, 2007). Yet background checks today uncover a much broader range of impropriety, including