Meta-analysis of coinfection and coexposure with Borrelia burgdorferi and Anaplasma phagocytophilum in humans, domestic animals, wildlife, and Ixodes ricinus-complex ticks.

@article{Nieto2009MetaanalysisOC,
  title={Meta-analysis of coinfection and coexposure with Borrelia burgdorferi and Anaplasma phagocytophilum in humans, domestic animals, wildlife, and Ixodes ricinus-complex ticks.},
  author={Nathan C Nieto and Janet E. Foley},
  journal={Vector borne and zoonotic diseases},
  year={2009},
  volume={9 1},
  pages={93-102}
}
Anaplasma phagocytophilum, which causes granulocytic anaplasmosis, and Borrelia burgdorferi, the agent of Lyme borreliosis, are transmitted in multiple Holarctic regions by the same Ixodes sp. tick vectors and maintained in sylvatic cycles with the same rodent reservoirs. Coinfection of humans, domestic animals, wildlife, and ticks with both B. burgdorferi and A. phagocytophilum appears to be common, yet the pathologic mechanisms and ecology remain poorly understood compared with single-agent… CONTINUE READING