Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials Comparing Risk of Major Adverse Cardiac Events and Bleeding in Patients With Prasugrel Versus Clopidogrel.

Abstract

The use of prasugrel in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) has been associated with decreased major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) compared with clopidogrel but with an increased risk of bleeding. However, it remains unclear if the risks of bleeding outweigh those of MACEs in patients on prasugrel treatment. We systematically reviewed randomized controlled trials comparing prasugrel with clopidogrel in patients with CAD. We performed a literature search of PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trial databases from inception to November 25, 2014, and reviewed the reference lists of retrieved articles. A comparative estimate was made for the combined rates of MACEs and bleeding from the same trials in the framework of this meta-analysis and expressed as odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) in both random- and fixed-effects models. Nine studies involving 25,214 patients were included in our meta-analysis. In both the random- and fixed-effects models, the risks of MACEs outweighed those of major bleeding (OR 7.48, 95% CI 3.75 to 14.94, p <0.0001, random effects) and of minor bleeding (OR 3.77, 95% CI 1.73 to 8.22, p = 0.009, random effects). Results were corroborated in a standard-dose clopidogrel subgroup analysis (OR 7.46, 95% CI 3.54 to 15.68, p <0.0001, and OR 6.44, 95% CI 2.80 to 14.80, p <0.0001, random effects, respectively). In conclusion, despite the increased risk of bleeding associated with prasugrel treatment compared with clopidogrel, the risk of MACEs far outweighed the risk of bleeding.

DOI: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2015.04.054

Cite this paper

@article{Chen2015MetaAnalysisOR, title={Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials Comparing Risk of Major Adverse Cardiac Events and Bleeding in Patients With Prasugrel Versus Clopidogrel.}, author={Hai-bin Chen and Xin-lu Zhang and Hong-bin Tub Liang and Xuewei Liu and Xin-Yu Zhang and Bao-Yi Huang and Jiancheng Xiu}, journal={The American journal of cardiology}, year={2015}, volume={116 3}, pages={384-92} }