Meta-Analysis of 143 Adolescent Drug Prevention Programs: Quantitative Outcome Results of Program Participants Compared to a Control or Comparison Group

@article{Tobler1986MetaAnalysisO1,
  title={Meta-Analysis of 143 Adolescent Drug Prevention Programs: Quantitative Outcome Results of Program Participants Compared to a Control or Comparison Group},
  author={Nancy Tobler},
  journal={Journal of Drug Issues},
  year={1986},
  volume={16},
  pages={537 - 567}
}
  • N. Tobler
  • Published 1 October 1986
  • Psychology
  • Journal of Drug Issues
Presented is a meta-analysis of the outcome results for 143 adolescent drug prevention programs to identify the most effective program modalities for reducing teenage drug use. Glass' et al. (1981) meta-analysis techniques provided a systematic approach for the accumulation, quantification and integration of the numerous research findings. Five major modalities were identified and their effect sizes computed for five distinctly different outcomes: Knowledge, Attitudes, Use, Skills and Behavior… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Effectiveness of School-Based Drug Prevention Programs: A Meta-Analysis of the Research
TLDR
The larger Interactive programs were less effective, although still significantly superior to the Non-Interactive programs, which suggests implementation failures, and the superiority of the Interactive programs was both clinically and statistically significant.
A meta-analysis of adolescent smoking prevention programs.
  • W. Bruvold
  • Psychology
    American journal of public health
  • 1993
TLDR
Because behavioral effect represents the fundamental objective of programs for prevention of adolescent tobacco use, the present results indicate that school-based programs should consider adopting interventions with a social reinforcement, social norms, or developmental orientation.
School-Based Adolescent Drug Prevention Programs: 1998 Meta-Analysis
This paper reports on a meta-analysis of 207 universal school-based drug prevention programs that compared the self-reported drug use of treatment to control or comparison youth. Programs are
A meta-analysis of adolescent psychosocial smoking prevention programs in the United States
TLDR
The secondary analysis after the previous study estimated mean effect sizes in smoking knowledge, attitudes, skills, and behaviors with treatment variables is conducted to identify explanatory variables that are likely to increase program effects.
Meta-analysis of adolescent drug prevention programs: results of the 1993 meta-analysis.
Policy relevant conclusions emerge when meta-analytic techniques are used to achieve consensus out of the inconsistencies found in individual research studies. Extensive search procedures located 120
Meta-analysis of adolescent drug prevention programs: results of the 1993 meta-analysis.
  • N. Tobler
  • Psychology
    NIDA research monograph
  • 1997
Policy relevant conclusions emerge when meta-analytic techniques are used to achieve consensus out of the inconsistencies found in individual research studies. Extensive search procedures located 120
A Meta-Analytic Review of School-Based Prevention for Cannabis Use
TLDR
Meta-analytic techniques used to evaluate the effectiveness of school-based prevention programming in reducing cannabis use among youth aged 12 to 19 revealed that programs incorporating elements of several prevention models were significantly more effective than were those based on only a social influence model.
Evaluation of Drug Use Prevention Programs Directed at Adolescents
TLDR
It is concluded that interactive programs tend to be more effective than not only those mainly intended to increase factual knowledge about tobacco, alcohol, and illegal drugs, but also those initiatives aimed at influencing adolescents’ attitudes toward those substances.
Meta-analysis of the effectiveness of school substance abuse prevention programs in Spain.
TLDR
A meta-analysis is used to analyze the effectiveness of school drug prevention programs in Spain to determine the need for more rigorous evaluations of interventions to establish useful programs.
A Comparison of Current Practice in School-Based Substance Use Prevention Programs with Meta-Analysis Findings
TLDR
Current school practice is compared against evidence-based standards for “ effective content” and “effective delivery,” derived from the Tobler findings, indicating that the transfer to practice of research knowledge about school-based substance use prevention programming has been limited.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 33 REFERENCES
A Review of 127 Drug Abuse Prevention Program Evaluations
TLDR
This review examines outcome evaluations of 127 primary drug abuse prevention programs issued between 1968 and 1977, and finds the best of the available evaluations are tentatively encouraging about the efficacy of “new generation” prevention programs.
Drug and alcohol education programs: a review of outcome studies.
TLDR
Outcome studies of the effectiveness of drug and alcohol education programs are reviewed and there is evidence to suggest that these programs may exacerbate the use and sale of drugs and alcohol.
An Evaluation of Ombudsman Primary Prevention Program on Student Drug Abuse
TLDR
The Ombudsman program (OP) was more effective among students whose regular classroom teachers have had Ombudsman training than those whose teachers did not have such training; and the OP was moreeffective among elementary than junior high school students.
The Effectiveness of Drug Education Programs: A Critical Review
TLDR
It is suggested that school-based programs henceforward be designed and conducted as experiments with controlled manipulation of relevant variables to avoid counterproductive educational efforts aimed at drug abuse prevention.
Reducing the incidence of adolescent problems through preventive intervention: one- and five-year follow-up
  • B. Bry
  • Psychology
    American journal of community psychology
  • 1982
TLDR
It was concluded that a better method for detecting substance abuse is needed before that question can be answered and a school-based preventive intervention, for high-risk adolescents, will show long-term effects of reducing school and community delinquency problems and substance abuse.
Evaluating and improving prevention programs: a strategy from drug abuse.
Evaluation of a substance abuse prevention program for junior high school students.
TLDR
Positive program effects for females on drug knowledge, cigarette smoking, and perceptions of their peers' attitudes toward and use of drugs are indicated and the need for further research on drug education is noted.
Drug Education to Date: A Review
TLDR
In general it was found that the great bulk of Drug Education programs reported in the literature were lacking in any meaningful evaluation that would provide data for guidance in the design of future programs.
Teacher training in affective education for the primary prevention of adolescent drug abuse.
TLDR
Students in the experimental school were exposed over 3 years to teachers trained in a "generic" primary prevention program designed to deal with the affective needs of students, revealing a pattern of effects favoring students having the fewest classes with trained teachers.
Process and Outcome Evaluation of a Drug Education Course
A drug education course was taught to seventh and eighth graders and evaluated in a true experiment. Students learned 1) Lasswell's framework for understanding human motives, 2) systematic
...
...