Meta-Analyses of Gender Effects on Conversational Interruption: Who, What, When, Where, and How

@article{Anderson1998MetaAnalysesOG,
  title={Meta-Analyses of Gender Effects on Conversational Interruption: Who, What, When, Where, and How},
  author={Kristin J. Anderson and Campbell Leaper},
  journal={Sex Roles},
  year={1998},
  volume={39},
  pages={225-252}
}
Meta-analyses of 43 published studies comparingadult women's and men's interruptions duringconversations were conducted. Combined significancelevels and combined effect sizes were analyzed. Acrossstudies, men were significantly more likely than womento use interruptions. This difference, however, wasassociated with a negligible effect size (d = .15). Amore substantial effect size (d = .33) was found when studies looking specifically at intrusive typesof interruption were analyzed separately… 
A Meta-Analytic Review of Gender Variations in Adults' Language Use: Talkativeness, Affiliative Speech, and Assertive Speech
  • C. LeaperMelanie M. Ayres
  • Psychology
    Personality and social psychology review : an official journal of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc
  • 2007
TLDR
Three separate sets of meta-analyses were conducted of studies testing for gender differences in adults' talkativeness, affiliative speech, and assertive speech, finding that men were more talkative than were women, and the direction of some gender differences was significantly reversed under particular conditions.
Gender Differences and Moderators Women Are More Likely Than Men to Use Tentative Language , Aren ' t They ? A Meta-Analysis Testing for
Robin Lakoff proposed that women are more likely than men to use tentative speech forms (e.g., hedges, qualifiers/disclaimers, tag questions, intensifiers). Based on conflicting results from research
Women Are More Likely Than Men to Use Tentative Language, Aren’t They? A Meta-Analysis Testing for Gender Differences and Moderators
Robin Lakoff proposed that women are more likely than men to use tentative speech forms (e.g., hedges, qualifiers/disclaimers, tag questions, intensifiers). Based on conflicting results from research
Will They Listen to Me? An Examination of In-Group Gender Bias in Children’s Communication Beliefs
We assessed developmental and gender differences in children’s beliefs about their peers’ communication styles. We hypothesized that children hold more favorable beliefs (i.e., more responsiveness
Dyadic interracial interactions: a meta-analysis.
TLDR
There was a significant historical trend toward more egalitarian outcomes across dyadic racial composition for explicit attitudes and for nonverbal behavior; however, participants' emotional responses and performance have remained consistent.
How Do We “Do Gender”? Permeation as Over-Talking and Talking Over
Gendered expectations are imported from the larger culture to permeate small-group discussions, creating conversational inequalities. Conversational roles also emerge from the negotiated order of
An Exploratory Study on Linguistic Gender Stereotypes and their Effects on Perception
Abstract This study explores how stereotypical preconceptions about gender and conversational behaviour may affect observers’ perceptions of a speaker’s performance. Using updated matched-guise
Conversational Dominance and the Asymmetric Distribution of Roles in Cross-Sex Conversations
Studies have shown that when men and women attempt to communicate equally in friendly cross-sex conversations they do not play the same role in interaction (Maltz & Borker, 1998). One of the
Women pay a steeper price for arrogance: Examining presentation style, gender, and humility
We report a preregistered experiment in which we examine the way that men and women are perceived on various interpersonal measures when exhibiting differing presentation styles. We also examined the
Do women and men use language differently in spoken face-to-face interaction? A scoping review
Although the question of whether women and men speak differently is a topic of hot debate, an overview of the extent towhich empirical studies provide robust support for a relationship between
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 129 REFERENCES
The effects of interruption, gender, and status on interpersonal perceptions
This study examined: (1) how violations in turn-taking, ie., interruption, are perceived, (2) whether attributions toward an interrupter vary according to gender and status, and (3) how individuals
Moderators of gender effects on parents' talk to their children: a meta-analysis.
TLDR
Two sets of meta-analyses of studies examining gender effects on parents' observed language with their children found that mothers tended to talk more, use more supportive speech, and use less directive and informing speech than did fathers.
Interruption in conversational interaction, and its relation to the sex and status of the interactants*
This study investigated interruptions in one type of natural conversational interaction — university tutorials. It sought to determine how frequency and type of interruption varies with the sex and
The effect of gender identity on conversation.
This paper examines the relationship between gender identity and verbal behavior in same-sex interactions. Using structural symbolic interactionism (Stryker, 1980), it is argued that gender identity,
INTERRUPTIONS IN GROUP DISCUSSIONS: THE EFFECTS OF GENDER AND GROUP COMPOSITION*
Conversations both reflect and maintain social inequalities. They import hierarchical structures from larger society and help perpetuate them by creating inequalities in the ability to accomplish
The Development and Sex-Related Use of Interruption Behavior
In this article the authors argue that claims of sex diflerences in interruption behavior should not be uncritically accepted as thereare limitations in prwious resmrch that make such
Women's language: Uncertainty or interpersonal sensitivity and emotionality?
Six differences in linguistic behavior in same-sex and mixed-sex problem-solving groups were explored. Small groups of all women, all men, and mixed sex were run and videotaped. Linguistic behavior
Sex differences in interruption: An experimental reevaluation
Two experiments were conducted to assess the validity of previously reported sex differences in the frequency of interruptions during a dyadic conversation. In both experiments, 24 undergraduates (12
Sex and Power in Interaction: Conversational Privileges and Duties
This paper examines conversational behavior which previous research suggests is differentiated on the basis of sex. Interaction is conceptualized in terms of a sexual division of labor wherein men
...
...