Messinian salinity crisis regulated by competing tectonics and erosion at the Gibraltar arc

@article{GarcaCastellanos2011MessinianSC,
  title={Messinian salinity crisis regulated by competing tectonics and erosion at the Gibraltar arc},
  author={Daniel Garc{\'i}a-Castellanos and Antonio Villase{\~n}or},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2011},
  volume={480},
  pages={359-363}
}
The Messinian salinity crisis (5.96 to 5.33 million years ago) was caused by reduced water inflow from the Atlantic Ocean to the Mediterranean Sea resulting in widespread salt precipitation and a decrease in Mediterranean sea level of about 1.5 kilometres due to evaporation. The reduced connectivity between the Atlantic and the Mediterranean at the time of the salinity crisis is thought to have resulted from tectonic uplift of the Gibraltar arc seaway and global sea-level changes, both of which… 

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