Messinian salinity crisis regulated by competing tectonics and erosion at the Gibraltar arc

  title={Messinian salinity crisis regulated by competing tectonics and erosion at the Gibraltar arc},
  author={Daniel Garc{\'i}a-Castellanos and Antonio Villase{\~n}or},
The Messinian salinity crisis (5.96 to 5.33 million years ago) was caused by reduced water inflow from the Atlantic Ocean to the Mediterranean Sea resulting in widespread salt precipitation and a decrease in Mediterranean sea level of about 1.5 kilometres due to evaporation. The reduced connectivity between the Atlantic and the Mediterranean at the time of the salinity crisis is thought to have resulted from tectonic uplift of the Gibraltar arc seaway and global sea-level changes, both of which… 

The Gibraltar Corridor: Watergate of the Messinian Salinity Crisis

Sill-controlled salinity contrasts followed post-Messinian flooding of the Mediterranean

A mile-high marine cascade terminated the Messinian salinity crisis 5.33 Myr ago, due to partial collapse of the Gibraltar sill that had isolated a largely desiccated Mediterranean from the Atlantic

Magmatic pulse driven by sea-level changes associated with the Messinian salinity crisis

The Mediterranean magmatic record provides an independent validation of the controversial kilometre-scale evaporative drawdown and sheds new light on the sensitivity of magmatic systems to the surface forcing.

Critical analysis of Mediterranean sea level limit cycles during the Messinian salinity crisis

  • M. Baum
  • Environmental Science
    Geologica Acta
  • 2021
The Messinian Salinity Crisis (5.97-5.33Ma) may be one of the most significant periods of sea-level change in recent geologic history. During this period, evaporite deposition throughout the

Imprint of Messinian Salinity Crisis events on the Spanish Atlantic margin

One of the outstanding research questions regarding the Mediterranean’s Messinian Salinity Crisis (MSC) is whether mechanisms that generated Messinian events also have an expression outside the basin

The Messinian Salinity Crisis: Past and future of a great challenge for marine sciences

Messinian evaporite deposition during sea level rise in the Gulf of Lions (Western Mediterranean)




Catastrophic flood of the Mediterranean after the Messinian salinity crisis

The results suggest that 90 per cent of the water was transferred in a short period ranging from a few months to two years, suggesting that this extremely abrupt flood may have involved peak rates of sea level rise in the Mediterranean of more than ten metres per day.

Choking the Mediterranean to dehydration: The Messinian salinity crisis

  • R. Govers
  • Geography, Environmental Science
  • 2009
Strait uplift due to isostasy played a pivotal role in the development and maintenance of a desiccated Mediterranean basin during the Late Miocene Messinian salinity crisis. New three-dimensional

Chronology, causes and progression of the Messinian salinity crisis

The Messinian salinity crisis is widely regarded as one of the most dramatic episodes of oceanic change of the past 20 or so million years (refs 1–3). Earliest explanations were that extremely thick

Deep roots of the Messinian salinity crisis

Using a thermomechanical model, it is shown that westward roll back of subducted Tethys oceanic lithosphere and associated asthenospheric upwelling provides a plausible mechanism for producing the shift in magma chemistry and the necessary uplift along the African and Iberian continental margins to close the Miocene marine gateways, thereby causing the Messinian salinity crisis.

Improved modelling of the Messinian Salinity Crisis and conceptual implications

  • P. Blanc
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 2006

Controls on Messinian Lower Evaporite cycles in the Mediterranean

The messinian salinity crisis

  • K. Hsü
  • Geography, Environmental Science
  • 2004
Two major discoveries made by the deepsea drilling during the last decade were the discovery of the Late Miocene desiccation of the Mediterranean Sea and of the Late Miocene glacial advance of the

Mediterranean Sea level variations during the Messinian salinity crisis

The Mediterranean Basin has not always been connected to the Atlantic Ocean. During the Messinian salinity crisis (MSC), the Mediterranean Sea became progressively isolated by a complex combination

Climate modelling sensitivity experiments for the Messinian Salinity Crisis