Mesoaortic compression of the left renal vein (nutcracker syndrome): case reports and review of the literature.

@article{Rudloff2006MesoaorticCO,
  title={Mesoaortic compression of the left renal vein (nutcracker syndrome): case reports and review of the literature.},
  author={Udo Rudloff and Raymond J Holmes and Jeffrey T Prem and Glenn R Faust and Robert Miles Moldwin and David Siegel},
  journal={Annals of vascular surgery},
  year={2006},
  volume={20 1},
  pages={120-9}
}
Compression of the left renal vein between the aorta and the superior mesenteric artery has been termed the nutcracker syndrome. Obstruction of left renal vein outflow results in venous hypertension with the formation of intra- and extrarenal collaterals and/or the development of gonadal vein reflux. To date, a variety of clinical symptoms due to mesoaortic… CONTINUE READING