Mesenteric chylangioma in a 9 months old baby.
The Medical journal of Australia
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Modes of control can be extrinsic or intrinsic 1. Neural control Enteric Nervous System (ENS): nerve plexus of the gut A. Short reflexes: ENS only “gut brain” B. Long reflexes: involve input from ANS (in CNS) 2. Hormonal control 18 hormones produced by enteroendocrine cells in GI: target may be same organ or distant organ (specific hormones for specific foods) 3. Local mechanisms Prostaglandins and histamine can trigger localized secretion based on contents of GI tract Location: -most in peritoneal cavity in abdomen -cavity: lined with parietal peritoneum -organs: covered with visceral peritoneum -both layers secrete peritoneal fluid to reduce friction during movement Ascites = excess peritoneal fluid!swelling of abdomen, distortion of organs: can cause heart burn, indigestion, back pain Peritonitis = inflammation of peritoneum from damage or infection: can cause pain and organ failure Sheets of peritoneum called mesenteries
Amy Warenda Czura • Oct 10, 2017