Merging gauge coupling constants without

  title={Merging gauge coupling constants without},
  author={Frans R. Klinkhamer and Grigori E. Volovik},
The merging of the running couplings constants of the weak, strong, and electromagnetic fields does not require the unification of these gauge fields at high energy. It can, in fact, be the property of a general fermionic system in which gauge bosons are not fundamental. PACS 11.10.Hi, 12.10.Kt, 12.60.Re, 67.90.+z, 71.10.-w Email address: Email address: