Mental toughness, optimism, pessimism, and coping among athletes

  title={Mental toughness, optimism, pessimism, and coping among athletes},
  author={Adam Robert Nicholls and Remco C J Polman and Andrew R Levy and Susan H. Backhouse},
  journal={Personality and Individual Differences},
The concept of mental toughness is widely used, but empirical evidence is required to fully understand this construct and its related variables. The purpose of this paper was to explore the relationship between: (a) mental toughness and coping, (b) mental toughness and optimism, and (c) coping and optimism. Participants were 677 athletes (male 454; female 223) aged between 15 and 58 years (M age = 22.66 years, SD = 7.20). Mental toughness correlated significantly with 8 of the 10 coping… Expand

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