Mental health of adults with autism spectrum disorders and intellectual disability

  title={Mental health of adults with autism spectrum disorders and intellectual disability},
  author={Lisa Underwood and Jane McCarthy and Elias Tsakanikos},
  journal={Current Opinion in Psychiatry},
Purpose of review The literature has often suggested that individuals with intellectual disability who have an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) experience higher rates of mental health problems than those without ASD. This finding has been challenged in recent years and so the purpose of this article was to critically review relevant studies since March 2009. The review focuses on studies specifically about the mental health of adults with intellectual disability who have ASD. Recent findings… 

Outcomes for Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Intellectual Disability

The focus is on social functioning outcomes rather than health or psychopathological issues which are covered by other chapters in this book, and an evaluation of the methods used to measure outcomes in adults with ASD and intellectual disability.

Health and Social Functioning of Adults With Intellectual Disability and Autism

Those with ID and ASD were less likely to be diagnosed with a psychiatric disorder but had significantly higher scores on the HoNOS-LD (indicating lower health and social functioning) than those without ASD.

Assessment and diagnosis of psychiatric disorder in adults with autism spectrum disorder

Clinicians are provided with an evidence-based approach to the assessment process for adults with ASD presenting with a possible co-occurrent psychiatric disorder.

Comparing psychopathology rates across autism spectrum disorders and intellectual disabilities

Levels of anxiety, depression and ADHD were high for all three groups, and greater than in general population studies, and between groups, the AS/HFA sample had significantly higher anxiety, while the ASD/ID group had significantly greater ADHD.

Relationship between psychiatric disorders and adaptive functioning in adults with intellectual disabilities

The impact of the presence of a PD on the adaptive functioning of adults with intellectual disability (ID) is assessed and any kind of impact on individual skills is evaluated.

Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders

  • P. HowlinP. Moss
  • Psychology
    Canadian journal of psychiatry. Revue canadienne de psychiatrie
  • 2012
The findings indicate that, as adults, many people with ASD, including those of normal IQ, are significantly disadvantaged regarding employment, social relationships, physical and mental health, and quality of life.

The mental health of young people with autism and Asperger syndrome in mainstream secondary schools: a multiple case study approach

This study supports the notion of schools as mental health promoting environments for those with autism and Asperger syndrome and highlights potential areas of focus.

Autism Spectrum Disorder

Outside-In and Inside-Out perspectives revealed that behaviours sometimes considered ‘pathological’ may be coping strategies to manage autism-specific differences in neurobiology and psychological functioning.

Emotional Development in Adults with Autism and Intellectual Disabilities: A Retrospective, Clinical Analysis

Assessment of intra-individual ED could add value to the standard diagnostic procedures in ID, a population at risk for underdiagnosed ASD.



Referral trends in mental health services for adults with intellectual disability and autism spectrum disorders

There was a significant change in the rate of referrals, an increase in the diagnosable psychiatric disorders over time and a significant reduction of medication at time of referral.

Psychopathology in Adults with Autism and Intellectual Disability

Analysis of psychiatric co-morbidity in adults with intellectual disability and autism cast doubts on the hypothesis that adults with ID and autism are more vulnerable to certain psychiatric disorders than non-autistic adults with IDs.

Behavior Problems, Psychiatric Symptoms, and Quality of Life for Older Adults With Intellectual Disability With and Without Autism

Older adults with autism did not differ from those with ID in terms of behavior problems, psychiatric disorder, and quality of life, and any differences in the skills of adults with ASD were associated with decreased adaptive skills, and not the presence of ASD per se.

Epidemiology of mental ill health in adults with intellectual disabilities

Mental health epidemiological studies relevant to adults with intellectual disabilities, published since January 2008 are reviewed, finding down syndrome protects against problem behaviours and mental ill health, whereas epilepsy does not appear to affect risk formental ill health.

Psychiatric and psychosocial problems in adults with normal-intelligence autism spectrum disorders

The clinical psychiatric presentation and important outcome measures of a large group of normal-intelligence adult patients with ASDs, characterized by impaired social interaction and non-verbal communication in adulthood as well as in childhood, are described.