Mental health of adults with autism spectrum disorders and intellectual disability

  title={Mental health of adults with autism spectrum disorders and intellectual disability},
  author={Lisa Underwood and Jane McCarthy and Elias Tsakanikos},
  journal={Current Opinion in Psychiatry},
Purpose of review The literature has often suggested that individuals with intellectual disability who have an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) experience higher rates of mental health problems than those without ASD. This finding has been challenged in recent years and so the purpose of this article was to critically review relevant studies since March 2009. The review focuses on studies specifically about the mental health of adults with intellectual disability who have ASD. Recent findings… 
Outcomes for Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Intellectual Disability
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and intellectual disability commonly occur together. As the diagnostic criteria for ASD have widened, the proportion of people with ‘high-functioning’ ASD has
Health and Social Functioning of Adults With Intellectual Disability and Autism
There is little information on the mental health needs of adults with intellectual disability (ID) and autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). Such evidence is much needed for the development of more
Assessment and diagnosis of psychiatric disorder in adults with autism spectrum disorder
Purpose – Adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) present with a range of psychiatric disorders. However, making an accurate diagnosis is challenging. It is important to follow a robust and
Comparing psychopathology rates across autism spectrum disorders and intellectual disabilities
The purpose of this paper is to compare the rates and patterns of comorbid anxiety, depression and ADHD across people with: autism spectrum disorder (ASD) plus intellectual disability (ID), ASD/no ID
Relationship between psychiatric disorders and adaptive functioning in adults with intellectual disabilities
Purpose – Though the very high prevalence of psychiatric disorders (PD) in people with intellectual disability (PwID), the impact of these disorders on adaptive functioning has been minimally
Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders
  • P. Howlin, P. Moss
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Canadian journal of psychiatry. Revue canadienne de psychiatrie
  • 2012
The findings indicate that, as adults, many people with ASD, including those of normal IQ, are significantly disadvantaged regarding employment, social relationships, physical and mental health, and quality of life.
The mental health of young people with autism and Asperger syndrome in mainstream secondary schools: a multiple case study approach
The increased prevalence and negative impact of mental health difficulties amongst those with autism and Asperger syndrome has been reported by researchers, clinicians and people with autism
Autism Spectrum Disorder
Background: Rates of autism are higher among people with intellectual disabilities (ID) than they are in the general population. Individuals with autism and ID are thought to be at greater risk for
Gender Differences in Co-Morbid Psychopathology and Clinical Management in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders.
Abstract The present study examined rates of co-morbid psychopathology and clinical management/care pathways in adult females (N = 50) and males (N = 100) with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and
Emotional Development in Adults with Autism and Intellectual Disabilities: A Retrospective, Clinical Analysis
Assessment of intra-individual ED could add value to the standard diagnostic procedures in ID, a population at risk for underdiagnosed ASD.


Autism spectrum disorders in adults with intellectual disability and comorbid psychopathology: Scale development and reliability of the ASD-CA
Abstract Researchers and clinicians have generally agreed that persons with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are susceptible to other DSM Axis I disorders. However, to date, little has been done to
Examination of adaptive behavior differences in adults with autism spectrum disorders and intellectual disability.
The more handicapping conditions, the greater the skills deficits observed, particularly where psychopathology was concerned, and accurately identifying the causes of adaptive skill deficits will likely result in more precise and effective treatment.
Psychopathology: differences among adults with intellectually disabled, comorbid autism spectrum disorders and epilepsy.
Group differences among adults with intellectual disabilities, comorbid autism spectrum disorders (ASD), and epilepsy through a detailed exploration of the characteristics that these disorders present in the area of psychopathology are examined to elucidate the nature of these disorders and their influence on patient care and management.
Comorbid psychopathology in adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders and intellectual disabilities.
There is an abundance of research investigating Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) in children; however, little emphasis has been placed on ASD in adults, especially in regards to comorbid
Referral trends in mental health services for adults with intellectual disability and autism spectrum disorders
There was a significant change in the rate of referrals, an increase in the diagnosable psychiatric disorders over time and a significant reduction of medication at time of referral.
Psychopathology in Adults with Autism and Intellectual Disability
Analysis of psychiatric co-morbidity in adults with intellectual disability and autism cast doubts on the hypothesis that adults with ID and autism are more vulnerable to certain psychiatric disorders than non-autistic adults with IDs.
Behavior Problems, Psychiatric Symptoms, and Quality of Life for Older Adults With Intellectual Disability With and Without Autism
Older adults with autism did not differ from those with ID in terms of behavior problems, psychiatric disorder, and quality of life, and any differences in the skills of adults with ASD were associated with decreased adaptive skills, and not the presence of ASD per se.
Epidemiology of mental ill health in adults with intellectual disabilities
Mental health epidemiological studies relevant to adults with intellectual disabilities, published since January 2008 are reviewed, finding down syndrome protects against problem behaviours and mental ill health, whereas epilepsy does not appear to affect risk formental ill health.
Psychiatric and psychosocial problems in adults with normal-intelligence autism spectrum disorders
The clinical psychiatric presentation and important outcome measures of a large group of normal-intelligence adult patients with ASDs, characterized by impaired social interaction and non-verbal communication in adulthood as well as in childhood, are described.
The mental health needs of people with autism spectrum disorders
Abstract Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are characterized by restricted, repetitive behaviour and abnormalities in social interaction and communication. A prevalence rate of ASD of up to 116/10,000