Mental health consumers' experience of stigma.

@article{Wahl1999MentalHC,
  title={Mental health consumers' experience of stigma.},
  author={Otto F. Wahl},
  journal={Schizophrenia bulletin},
  year={1999},
  volume={25 3},
  pages={
          467-78
        }
}
  • O. Wahl
  • Published 1999
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Schizophrenia bulletin
The extent to which mental health consumers encounter stigma in their daily lives is a matter of substantial importance for their recovery and quality of life. This article summarizes the results of a nationwide survey of 1,301 mental health consumers concerning their experience of stigma and discrimination. Survey results and followup interviews with 100 respondents revealed experience of stigma from a variety of sources, including communities, families, churches, coworkers, and mental health… 

Tables from this paper

Mental health problems among clinical psychologists: Stigma and its impact on disclosure and help-seeking.
TLDR
Personal experiences of mental health problems among clinical psychologists may be fairly common, and stigma, concerns about negative consequences of disclosure and shame as barriers to disclosure and help-seeking merit further consideration.
Quality of Life and Self-Stigma in Individuals with Schizophrenia
TLDR
According to the survey data, self-stigma correlates negatively with all of the quality of life measures except the Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness subscale’s ‘stigma resistance’, which did not correlate significantly.
A mental health service users perspective to stigmatisation
TLDR
It is suggested that traditional campaigns that highlight discrimination may have a negative impact on the mentally ill because they highlight the prevalence of hostile attitudes.
Perceived Stigma among Recipients of Mental Health Care in the General Canadian Population
TLDR
Stigmatization is a common, but not universal, experience among Canadians using services for mental health reasons, and was a problem for a sizeable minority of respondents with mood, anxiety, and substance use disorders as well as bipolar and psychotic disorders.
The Experience of Stigma among Black Mental Health Consumers
TLDR
Consumers identified numerous strategies to deal with stigma, including seeking support from accepting members of their existing social networks, and viewing their own health as more important than the reaction of others.
Experiences of stigma and discrimination among users of mental health services in Poland
TLDR
The frequency, type, and sources of actual stigma and discrimination experiences among Polish psychiatric patients are investigated and the most frequently reported source of stigma was employers and supervisors at work, followed by family, and general community members.
A model of internalized stigma and its effects on people with mental illness.
TLDR
There may be multiple pathways through which stigma and discrimination lead to negative outcomes, suggesting that interventions to reduce internalized stigma need to target multiple points along these pathways in order to be effective.
The impact of contact on stigmatizing attitudes toward people with mental illness
Background: A growing body of research suggests that personal experience with people who have a mental illness can reduce stigmatizing attitudes towards mental illness. However, the generalizability
Stigma and Quality of Life as Experienced by People with Mental Illness
  • S. El-Badri, G. Mellsop
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Australasian psychiatry : bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
  • 2007
TLDR
The experience of stigma and dissatisfaction with quality of life among people with mental illness is common and has implications for clinical assessment and management.
Self-Stigma, Perceived Stigma, and Help-Seeking Communication in People with Mental Illness
People with mental illness (PWMI) often internalise negative beliefs (self-stigma) or anticipate external sources of stigma (perceived stigma). This study examines how the two types of stigma affect
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 50 REFERENCES
The effectiveness of stigma coping orientations: can negative consequences of mental illness labeling be avoided?
TLDR
It is argued that stigma is powerfully reinforced by culture and that its effects are not easily overcome by the coping actions of individuals.
Labeling mental illness : The effects of received services and perceived stigma on life satisfaction
Labeling theory proponents and the theory's critics have different views of stigma and thus differ on the consequences of labeling for people with mental illness. The labeling perspective posits that
On stigma and its consequences: evidence from a longitudinal study of men with dual diagnoses of mental illness and substance abuse.
TLDR
This finding indicates that stigma continues to complicate the lives of the stigmatized even as treatment improves their symptoms and functioning, and it follows that if health professionals want to maximize the well-being of the people they treat, they must address stigma as a separate and important factor in its own right.
Stigma and mental illness.
TLDR
The stigma of mental illness for medical students and residents, and the stigmatization of psychiatrists who work with chronically mentally ill persons, are examined.
Public attitudes toward mental illness: a review of the literature.
  • J. Rabkin
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Schizophrenia bulletin
  • 1974
TLDR
It is becoming generally recognized that mental patients, and those who deal with them, exist in the larger framework of society and that it is imperative, in both planning and carrying out treatment programs, to be aware of the attitudes toward mental illness and treatment that prevail in this larger framework.
Understanding labeling effects in the area of mental disorders : An assessment of the effects of expectations of rejection
This paper hypothesizes that official labeling gives personal relevance to an individual's beliefs about how others respond to mental patients. According to this view, people develop conceptions of
Scaling community attitudes toward the mentally ill.
TLDR
Data from a study of community attitudes about neighborhood mental health facilities in Toronto are used to test the internal and external validity of a new set of four scales explicitly designed to measure community attitudes toward the mentally ill.
A modified labeling theory approach to mental disorders : an empirical assessment
Critics of labeling theory vigorously dispute Scheff's (1966) provocative etiological hypothesis and downplay the importance of factors such as stigma and stereotyping. We propose a modified labeling
Lay images of mental illness: Social knowledge and tolerance of the mentally ill.
It is argued that demographic factors alone fail to account for public attitudes toward mental illness. Medical and moral lay images of mental illness provide a knowledge base from which tolerance
Considerations for research on consumer empowerment and psychosocial interventions.
TLDR
Research strategies that address the methodological problems of studying consumer empowerment are reviewed, including defining the subject of investigation, describing consumer-developed treatments using discovery-oriented research strategies, and sorting out the diverse roles of consumers in contemporary psychosocial programs.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...