Mental Health First Aid: an international programme for early intervention

  title={Mental Health First Aid: an international programme for early intervention},
  author={Betty A. Kitchener and Anthony F Jorm},
  journal={Early Intervention in Psychiatry},
  • B. KitchenerAnthony F Jorm
  • Published 1 February 2008
  • Medicine, Chemistry, Political Science, Psychology
  • Early Intervention in Psychiatry
Aim: To describe the development of the Mental Health First Aid (MHFA) programme in Australia, its roll‐out in other countries and evaluation studies which have been carried out. 

Psychosis 101: evaluating a training programme for northern and remote youth mental health service providers

Evaluation results of a pilot training programme for rural and remote youth mental health service providers in Northern Ontario are presented.

Reviewing the Evidence Base for Mental Health First Aid: Is There Support for Its Use with Key Target Populations in California?

This article reviews the current state of evidence for Mental Health First Aid's effectiveness in key target populations, to help the California Mental Health Services Authority's planning for future

Mental health first aid guidelines: an evaluation of impact following download from the World Wide Web

Evaluated the usefulness and impact of the mental health first aid guidelines on web users who download them to find out how to assist someone who is developing a mental illness or experiencing a mental health crisis.

Evaluation of Mental Health First Aid skills in an Australian university population

Students' and staffs' knowledge of mental health issues, confidence to intervene and application of skills following Mental Health First Aid (MHFA) training are explored.

Prevention and early intervention to improve mental health in higher education students: a review

Background: The age at which most young people are in higher education is also the age of peak onset for mental and substance use disorders, with these having their first onset before age 24 in 75%

Social and emotional wellbeing in Indigenous Australians: identifying promising interventions

  • A. DayA. Francisco
  • Psychology, Political Science
    Australian and New Zealand journal of public health
  • 2013
The empirical evidence that exists to support the delivery of the range of psycho‐social interventions that have been implemented to improve social and emotional wellbeing in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander individuals and communities is reviewed.

Mental health first aid by Australian tertiary staff: Application rates, modes, content, and outcomes

MHFA is widely applied in the tertiary context through a variety of modes, and most interventions featured at least four of the recommended MHFA action plan actions, suggesting that MHFA is an effective early intervention in the secondary context.

Mental health first aid programme in Nepal.

The MHFA Nepal course is being evaluated and adapted to suit Nepalese context and is expected to raise mental health awareness and reduce stigmatising attitudes amongst the selected members of the general public and health professionals.

Promoting mental health first aid literacy in secondary schools.

A new initiative designed to help teachers in secondary schools better understand and identify mental health issues in children is discussed.

Mental Health First Aid — rolling out across the UK

The development and existing research of the Mental Health First Aid programme is summarized, and its present position in the four UK regions is summarized.



Beliefs about appropriate first aid for young people with mental disorders: findings from an Australian national survey of youth and parents

This research aims to determine the mental health first‐aid knowledge and beliefs of young people and their parents and to establish a baseline for future research on this topic.

“Mental health literacy”: a survey of the public's ability to recognise mental disorders and their beliefs about the effectiveness of treatment

Objectives: To assess the public's recognition of mental disorders and their beliefs about the effectiveness of various treatments (“mental health literacy”).

Where to seek help for a mental disorder?

Objective: To determine the intentions that young people have for seeking help if they were to develop a mental disorder.

Mental health first aid training: review of evaluation studies.

Although MHFA training has been found to change knowledge, attitudes and helping behaviours, and even benefit the mental health of participants, there has not yet been an evaluation of the effects on those who are the recipients of the first aid.

Mental health first aid training of the public in a rural area: a cluster randomized trial [ISRCTN53887541]

Training was found to produce significantly greater recognition of the disorders, increased agreement with health professionals about which interventions are likely to be helpful, decreased social distance, increased confidence in providing help to others, and an increase in help actually provided.

Mental health first aid training for the public: evaluation of effects on knowledge, attitudes and helping behavior

The course improved participants' ability to recognize a mental disorder in a vignette, changed beliefs about treatment to be more like those of health professionals, decreased social distance from people with mental disorders, increased confidence in providing help to someone with amental disorder, and increased the amount of help provided to others.

Mental health first aid training in a workplace setting: A randomized controlled trial [ISRCTN13249129]

The trial found a number of benefits from this training course, including greater confidence in providing help to others, greater likelihood of advising people to seek professional help, improved concordance with health professionals about treatments, and decreased stigmatizing attitudes.

Beliefs of Young People and Their Parents about the Effectiveness of Interventions for Mental Disorders

A need to improve knowledge of appropriate treatment options and to give more attention to the evaluation of interventions that are widely accepted by young people but underresearched is suggested.

Experiences in applying skills learned in a mental health first aid training course: a qualitative study of participants' stories

Qualitative data confirm that most members of the public who receive Mental Health First Aid training subsequently provide support to people with mental health problems and that this support generally has positive effects.

First aid recommendations for psychosis: using the Delphi method to gain consensus between mental health consumers, carers, and clinicians.

Recommendations on first aid for psychosis first aid will improve the provision of first aid to individuals who are developing a psychotic disorder by informing the content of training courses.