Mental Concerts: Musical Imagery and Auditory Cortex

@article{Zatorre2005MentalCM,
  title={Mental Concerts: Musical Imagery and Auditory Cortex},
  author={Robert J. Zatorre and Andrea R. Halpern},
  journal={Neuron},
  year={2005},
  volume={47},
  pages={9-12}
}
Most people intuitively understand what it means to "hear a tune in your head." Converging evidence now indicates that auditory cortical areas can be recruited even in the absence of sound and that this corresponds to the phenomenological experience of imagining music. We discuss these findings as well as some methodological challenges. We also consider the role of core versus belt areas in musical imagery, the relation between auditory and motor systems during imagery of music performance, and… Expand

Topics from this paper

Auditory Pitch Imagery and Its Relationship to Musical Synchronization
TLDR
Auditory imagery and SMS abilities were found to be positively correlated with one another and with musical experience and with Musical ensemble performance. Expand
Mental imagery in music performance: underlying mechanisms and potential benefits
  • P. Keller
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
  • 2012
TLDR
It is concluded that individual differences in anticipatory imagery may be a source of variation in expressive performance excellence and the quality of ensemble cohesion. Expand
Musical Imagery Involves the Wernicke’s Area in Bilateral and Anti-Correlated Network Interactions in Musicians
TLDR
The results highlight the important role of the Wernicke’s area in forming vivid musical imagery through bilateral and anti-correlated network interactions, challenging the conventional view of segregated and lateralized processing of music vs. language. Expand
When the brain plays music: auditory–motor interactions in music perception and production
TLDR
This work reviews the cognitive neuroscience literature of both motor and auditory domains, highlighting the value of studying interactions between these systems in a musical context, and proposes some ideas concerning the role of the premotor cortex in integration of higher order features of music with appropriately timed and organized actions. Expand
Neuroplasticity of semantic representations for musical instruments in professional musicians
TLDR
It is shown using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) that conceptual processing of visually presented musical instruments activates auditory association cortex encompassing right posterior superior temporal gyrus, as well as adjacent areas in the superior temporal sulcus and the upper part of middleporal gyrus only in musicians, but not in musical laypersons. Expand
Auditory Imagery Contains More Than Audition
Contributions of nonauditory information to auditory imagery are examined. The spontaneous appearance of visual imagery concurrent with intentionally formed auditory imagery, and the similarities ofExpand
The Pitch Imagery Arrow Task: Effects of Musical Training, Vividness, and Mental Control
TLDR
A novel protocol, the Pitch Imagery Arrow Task (PIAT), is described, which induces and trains pitch imagery in both musicians and non-musicians and confirms that competent performance on the PIAT requires active musical imagery and is very difficult to achieve using alternative cognitive strategies. Expand
Imagery Mismatch Negativity in Musicians
TLDR
A new paradigm in which subjects had to continue familiar melodies in their mind and then judged if a further presented tone was a correct continuation of the melody suggested that imagery of music is modulated by musical expertise. Expand
Feel the Noise: Relating Individual Differences in Auditory Imagery to the Structure and Function of Sensorimotor Systems
TLDR
Findings provide evidence for a signature of imagery in brain structure, and highlight a common role of perceptual–motor interactions for processing heard and internally generated auditory information. Expand
Auditory Aspects of Auditory Imagery
Empirical findings from studies on imagery of auditory features (pitch, timbre, loudness, duration, tempo, rhythm) and imagery of auditory objects (musical contour and melody, musical key andExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 36 REFERENCES
Musical imagery: Sound of silence activates auditory cortex
TLDR
Functional magnetic resonance imaging is used to identify and characterize the neural substrates that support unprompted auditory imagery and finds that auditory and visual imagery seem to obey similar basic neural principles. Expand
Cortical Systems Associated with Covert Music Rehearsal
TLDR
The blood oxygenation level-dependent fMRI activation response associated with IMP is mapped and implicate an associative network independent of primary sensorimotor and auditory activity, likely representing the cortical elements most intimately linked to music production. Expand
Behavioral and neural correlates of perceived and imagined musical timbre
TLDR
The timbre imagery effect is interpreted as a reversal of that deactivation of auditory areas relative to a silent baseline, and some activity in SMA was observed, suggesting that SMA may have a more general role in imagery beyond any motor component. Expand
Hearing in the Mind's Ear: A PET Investigation of Musical Imagery and Perception
TLDR
Both perceiving and imagining songs are associated with bilateral neuronal activity in the secondary auditory cortices, suggesting that processes within these regions underlie the phenomenological impression of imagined sounds. Expand
Structure and function of auditory cortex: music and speech
TLDR
It is proposed that cortical asymmetries might have developed as a general solution to the need to optimize processing of the acoustic environment in both temporal and frequency domains. Expand
Mind's Ear in a Musician: Where and When in the Brain
TLDR
Brain activity specific to the auditory imagery task was observed, and data imply a complex temporospatial activation sequence of multiple cortical areas when musicians recall firmly established audiovisual associations. Expand
Auditory–Motor Interaction Revealed by fMRI: Speech, Music, and Working Memory in Area Spt
The concept of auditory-motor interaction pervades speech science research, yet the cortical systems supporting this interface have not been elucidated. Drawing on experimental designs used in recentExpand
Mental scanning in auditory imagery for songs.
  • A. Halpern
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition
  • 1988
TLDR
Four experiments examined how people operate on memory representations of familiar songs, and suggest that song representations have temporal-like characteristics. Expand
When that tune runs through your head: a PET investigation of auditory imagery for familiar melodies.
TLDR
It is concluded that areas of right auditory association cortex, together with right and left frontal cortices, are implicated in imagery for familiar tunes, in accord with previous behavioral, lesion and PET data. Expand
Involuntary Motor Activity in Pianists Evoked by Music Perception
TLDR
It is demonstrated that pianists, when listening to well-trained piano music, exhibit involuntary motor activity involving the contralateral primary motor cortex (M1). Expand
...
1
2
3
4
...