Menstruation and covid-19 vaccination

  title={Menstruation and covid-19 vaccination},
  author={Victoria Male},
  • V. Male
  • Published 26 January 2022
  • Medicine
  • BMJ
Latest evidence is limited but reassuring 
Pituitary apoplexy following adenoviral vector-based COVID-19 vaccination
Understanding the Trauma of Menstrual Irregularity After COVID Vaccination: A Bird’s-Eye View of Female Immunology
An understanding of the immunological panorama in the female reproductive tract (FRT) becomes important to fathom this issue and address the exploration of how FRT microbiota would impose inflammation by manipulating the immune response to vaccines.
Menstrual cycle disturbances after COVID-19 vaccination.
SARS-CoV-2 infection and COVID-19 vaccination can influence the menstrual cycle and cause alterations.
Menstrual cycle changes and mental health states of women hospitalized due to COVID-19
The length of isolation was the key factor affecting overall menstrual changes and mental health in hospitalized female COVID-19 patients.
Covid-19 vaccination and menstrual cycle length in the Apple Women’s Health Study
COVID-19 vaccination was associated with an immediate short-term increase in menstrual cycle length overall, which appeared to be driven by doses received in the follicular phase.


Are COVID-19 vaccines safe in pregnancy?
  • V. Male
  • Medicine
    Nature reviews. Immunology
  • 2021
Data on accidental pregnancies that occurred during the trials and, increasingly, outcomes in pregnant people who receive the vaccine can help these groups to make informed decisions.
Analysis of sex hormones and menstruation in COVID-19 women of child-bearing age
Stopping the misinformation: BNT16b2 COVID-19 vaccine has no negative effect on women's fertility
From the findings, the vaccine appears to have no impact on women's fertility and is the first to evaluate the impact of the BNT162b2 vaccine on women’s fertility.
Ovarian follicular function is not altered by SARS–CoV-2 infection or BNT162b2 mRNA COVID-19 vaccination
Both SARS-COV-2 infection and vaccination with the BNT162b2 mRNA vaccine mediate IgG immunity that crosses into the follicular fluid, and no detrimental effect on follicular function was detected.
The two FIGO systems for normal and abnormal uterine bleeding symptoms and classification of causes of abnormal uterine bleeding in the reproductive years: 2018 revisions
  • M. Munro, H. Critchley, I. Fraser
  • Medicine
    International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
  • 2018
The International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) systems for nomenclature of symptoms of normal and abnormal uterine bleeding in the reproductive years and for classification of causes of AUB were published together in 2011 to facilitate research, education, and clinical care.
Does mRNA SARS-CoV-2 vaccine influence patients' performance during IVF-ET cycle?
Objective No information exists in the literature regarding the effect of mRNA SARS-CoV-2 vaccine on subsequent IVF cycle attempt. We therefore aim to assess the influence of mRNA SARS-CoV-2 vaccine