Menstrual Cycles: Fatness as a Determinant of Minimum Weight for Height Necessary for Their Maintenance or Onset

@article{Frisch1974MenstrualCF,
  title={Menstrual Cycles: Fatness as a Determinant of Minimum Weight for Height Necessary for Their Maintenance or Onset},
  author={Rose E. Frisch and Janet W. Mcarthur},
  journal={Science},
  year={1974},
  volume={185},
  pages={949 - 951}
}
Weight loss causes loss of menstrual function (amenorrhea) and weight gain restores menstrual cycles. A minimal weight for height necessary for the onset of or the restoration of menstrual cycles in cases of primary or secondary amenorrhea due to undernutrition is indicated by an index of fatness of normal girls at menarche and at age 18 years, respectively. Amenorrheic patients of ages 16 years and over resume menstrual cycles after weight gain at a heavier weight for a particular height than… Expand
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  • Bailliere's clinical obstetrics and gynaecology
  • 1990
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Evidence is presented that the high percentage of body fat in mature women is necessary for regular ovulatory cycles, and target weights for height are given for the evaluation and treatment of primary and secondary amenorrhoea due to weight loss. Expand
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  • Trends in Endocrinology & Metabolism
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Evidence is presented that the high percentage of body fat in mature women is necessary for regular ovulatory cycles and may influence reproductive ability directly, by influencing the direction of estrogen metabolism to more potent or less potent forms, or by changes in the binding properties of sex-hormone-binding globulin. Expand
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  • 1985
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It is hypothesized that a particular ratio of fat to lean mass is required for menarche and the maintenance of regular menstrual cycles and suggests that the secular trend toward earlier age atMenarche reflects earlier attainment of critical weight as a result of improved nutrition and child care. Expand
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The data suggest that weight loss in young women causes alterations in the menstrual cycle mainly through two mechanisms involving both the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and ovarian steroidogenesis together with estrogen catabolism. Expand
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The right weight: body fat, menarche, and fertility.
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It is considered that both the absolute and relative amounts of fat are important, since the lean mass and the fat must be in a particular absolute range, as well as relative range, and this hypothesis leads to the prediction of minimum or threshold weights-for-height for the onset and maintenance of regular ovulatory menstrual cycles. Expand
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