[Meningitis caused by Staphylococcus aureus. Analysis of 16 cases].

Abstract

During the period between 1982 and 1987, 16 cases of meningitis due to Staphylococcus aureus were diagnosed. Nine patients (56%) had undergone a previous neurosurgical operation and 5 of them were carriers of a cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunt. Seven patients (44%) had spontaneous meningitis. Fever and meningeal signs were the most common clinical findings. 50% of patients were comatose. The Gram stain of CSF showed Gram positive cocci in 7 cases. Blood cultures were positive in all patients with spontaneous meningitis and negative in the neurosurgical group. Overall mortality rate was 37.5%, and it was lower in the neurosurgical group than in the spontaneous meningitis. Other factors associated with a poor outcome were advanced age, bacteremia and septic shock.

Cite this paper

@article{Ferrer1990MeningitisCB, title={[Meningitis caused by Staphylococcus aureus. Analysis of 16 cases].}, author={Vicenç Falc{\'o} Ferrer and Benito Almirante Gragera and Albert Pahissa Berga and Isabel Gasser and Francisco Fern{\'a}ndez P{\'e}rez and Jos{\'e} Manuel Mart{\'i}nez V{\'a}zquez}, journal={Medicina clínica}, year={1990}, volume={94 6}, pages={208-11} }