Meningeal Worm is a Long-lived Parasitic Nematode in White-tailed Deer

@inproceedings{Duffy2002MeningealWI,
  title={Meningeal Worm is a Long-lived Parasitic Nematode in White-tailed Deer},
  author={Michael S. Duffy and Trent A Greaves and Nathan J Keppie and Michael D. B. Burt},
  booktitle={Journal of wildlife diseases},
  year={2002}
}
A natural infection of the meningeal worm, Parelaphostrongylus tenuis, persisted for at least 3.7 yr in a white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus). The deer was 5–7 yr old and was shedding dorsal-spined nematode larvae at the time of quarantine. Larvae were extracted from all fecal samples collected up to 730 days post-quarantine (dpq) and thereafter only at 862 dpq and at necropsy (1,350 dpq). Live adults of P. tenuis, one male and one female, were recovered from the cranium at necropsy… 
CONSIDERING WEATHER-ENHANCED TRANSMISSION OF MENINGEAL WORM, PARELAPHOSTRONGYLUS TENUIS, AND MOOSE DECLINES
TLDR
High production of larvae and optimal conditions for gastropods increase rates of transmission to co-habiting moose and the occurrence of neurologic disease which is dose-dependent, and weather-enhanced transmission further increases larval output.
ESTABLISHMENT OF ADULT PARELAPHOSTRONGYLUS TENUIS, PATENT INFECTIONS, AND ACQUIRED IMMUNITY AFTER EXPERIMENTAL INFECTION OF WHITE-TAILED DEER (ODOCOILEUS VIRGINIANUS) AND RED DEER (CERVUS ELAPHUS ELAPHUS)
Experimental Parelaphostrongylus tenuis infections were established in white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) and an atypical host, red deer (Cervus elaphus elaphus). Groups of deer were fed 10,
DISTRIBUTION AND ECOLOGY OF MENINGEAL WORM, PARELAPHOSTRONGYLUS TENUIS (NEMATODA), IN NORTHCENTRAL NORTH AMERICA
TLDR
Presence of meningeal worm in white-tailed deer was positively correlated with precipitation during frost-free periods and deer density, and it was negatively correlated with winter and spring temperatures, which may influence the westernmost limit of P. tenuis.
Lungworm (Pharurus pallasii: Metastrongyloidea: Pseudaliidae) infection in the endangered St. Lawrence beluga whale (Delphinapterus leucas)
TLDR
The absence of P. pallasii in young of the year suggests that transmission is not transplacental or transmammary and that infections are acquired as young beluga begin to feed on infected prey.
An Aspartyl Protease Inhibitor Orthologue Expressed by Parelaphostrongylus tenuis Is Immunogenic in an Atypical Host
TLDR
Findings in P. tenuis are compatible with findings in other parasitic nematodes showing that aspartyl protease inhibitors are highly immunogenic.
Cerebrospinal fluid eosinophilia is a sensitive and specific test for the diagnosis of Parelaphostrongylus tenuis in camelids in the northeastern United States
TLDR
Cerebrospinal fluid eosinophil percentage and concentration are sensitive and specific methods for diagnosing P. tenuis antemortem in camelids residing in regions endemic to white-tailed deer.
IDENTIFICATION OF ANTIGENS WITH POTENTIAL FOR IMMUNODIAGNOSIS OF PARELAPHOSTRONGYLUS TENUIS AND ELAPHOSTRONGYLUS CERVI INFECTIONS IN RED DEER (CERVUS ELAPHUS ELAPHUS)
TLDR
This research represents the first conclusive identification of antigens with real potential for reliable antemortem immunodiagnosis of both P. tenuis infections and heterologous E. cervi infections.
Surgical extraction of an intraocular infection of Parelaphostrongylus tenuis in a horse.
TLDR
Evidence that vision could be retained after treatment for intraocular P tenuis infection in a horse is provided, the first report of intraocular parelaphostrongylosis in a Horse.
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Diet reconstruction of wolves following a decline in Manitoba moose populations
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It is suggested that management efforts focused on increasing the abundance and accessibility of alternative prey may have the greatest impact on moose conservation during summer, as catchability of a prey species may override the importance of prey density.
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