Men's preference for the ovulating female is triggered by subtle face shape differences

@article{Bobst2012MensPF,
  title={Men's preference for the ovulating female is triggered by subtle face shape differences},
  author={Cora Bobst and Janek S. Lobmaier},
  journal={Hormones and Behavior},
  year={2012},
  volume={62},
  pages={413-417}
}

Can women detect cues to ovulation in other women's faces?

Recent research suggests that men find portraits of ovulatory women more attractive than photographs of the same women taken during the luteal phase. Only few studies have investigated whether the

Stability of women's facial shape throughout the menstrual cycle

It is suggested that the previously found increased facial attractiveness of women in the most fertile phase of the menstrual cycle is not driven by changes in facial shape, but might instead stem from otherChanges in facial appearance, such as a more attractive skin tone.

Shifts in Female Facial Attractiveness during Pregnancy

The findings show that facial attractiveness can be influenced by pregnancy and that gestation, even at its early stages, affects facial attractiveness.

The spandrels of Santa Barbara? A new perspective on the peri-ovulation paradigm

It is argued that cyclic changes need not result from incomplete concealment of ovulatory status and that ovarian hormone levels underpin between-individual differences in both women’s attractiveness and their mate preferences, which influence the sexes’ mate-choice decisions.

Head Tilt and Fertility Contribute to Different Aspects of Female Facial Attractiveness

Subjective attractiveness ratings of facial portraits of women taken at the fertile phase of the menstrual cycle are higher than those of portraits of the same women taken during non-fertile periods.

Changes in Women’s Facial Skin Color over the Ovulatory Cycle are Not Detectable by the Human Visual System

It is concluded that changes in skin color are not responsible for the effects of the ovulatory cycle on women’s attractiveness and variation in skin redness is unlikely to be detectable by the human visual system.

An exploratory, cross-cultural study on perception of putative cyclical changes in facial fertility cues

Mixed results in previous studies examining cyclical fluctuation in women’s facial attractiveness are unlikely to reflect inter-cultural differences and are more likely to reflect differences in the methods used to assess facial attractiveness and fertility.

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Female facial attractiveness increases during the fertile phase of the menstrual cycle

It is shown here that both men and women judge photographs of women's faces that were taken in the fertile window of the menstrual cycle as more attractive than photographs taken during the luteal phase, indicating the existence of visible cues to ovulation in the human face.

Does a Woman's Skin Color Indicate Her Fertility Level? Preliminary Findings

Roberts et al. (2004) showed that perceived facial attractiveness of women is higher in the fertile phase of the menstrual cycle than in the luteal phase, suggesting the existence of visible cues of

Physical Cues of Ovulatory Status: A Failure to Replicate Enhanced Facial Attractiveness and Reduced Waist-to-Hip Ratio at High Fertility

It is found that facial attractiveness and waist-to-hip ratio are reliable physical cues of ovulatory status, but not the other way around.

Menstrual cycle alters face preference

It is shown that female preference for secondary sexual traits in male face shapes varies with the probability of conception across the menstrual cycle, similar to that of men with low fluctuating asymmetry.

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The results indicate that men can use olfactory cues to distinguish between ovulating and nonovulating women, and the contrasting results between pill users and nonusers may indicate that oral contraceptives demolish the cyclic attractiveness of odors.

Female body odour is a potential cue to ovulation

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The findings suggest that ovulation may not be concealed and that men could use ovulation–linked odours in their mate selection.

Menstrual cycle, pregnancy and oral contraceptive use alter attraction to apparent health in faces

Findings indicate raised progesterone level is associated with increased attraction to facial cues associated with possible direct benefits and suggest that women's face preferences are influenced by adaptations that compensate for weakened immune system responses during pregnancy and reduce the risk of infection disrupting foetal development.

Non‐Advertized does not Mean Concealed: Body Odour Changes across the Human Menstrual Cycle

Females of a number of primate species display their fertile period by behavioural and/or morphological changes. Traditionally, the fertile period in human females has been considered to be

Facial appearance is a cue to oestrogen levels in women

It is demonstrated that female facial appearance holds detectable cues to reproductive health that are considered attractive by other people.