Men’s (Mis)Perceptions of the Gender Threatening Consequences of Unemployment

@article{Michniewicz2014MensO,
  title={Men’s (Mis)Perceptions of the Gender Threatening Consequences of Unemployment},
  author={Kenneth S. Michniewicz and Joseph Vandello and Jennifer K. Bosson},
  journal={Sex Roles},
  year={2014},
  volume={70},
  pages={88-97}
}
Given the importance of work to the male gender role, the recent U.S. economic recession (in which men accounted for over 70 % of jobs lost; Boushey 2009) provided a window into the role of employment in men’s identities. We examined men’s and women’s beliefs about the effects of involuntary unemployment on others’ evaluations of them (i.e., metaperceptions). Specifically, participants evaluated targets (other people or themselves) on prescriptive and proscriptive traits linked to gender (see… 
People Judge Male Sexism More Leniently When Women Emasculate Men
Abstract. While overt sexism has become less acceptable in recent years, sexism frequently goes unchallenged by observers for a variety of reasons. In the present investigation, we propose that
Gender dichotomization at the level of ingroup identity: what it is, and why men use it more than women.
TLDR
It is demonstrated that men's relative to women's gender ingroup identities are characterized by greater levels of gender dichotomization, a tendency to distance masculine from feminine traits, which is motivated by a need to eschew femininity from their ingroup identity to bolster a precarious gender status.
Feminism and the Study of Masculinity: Unlikely Bedfellows?
Studying the male gender role poses some unique challenges for feminist researchers. In this chapter, I use my personal experiences as a feminist and social psychologist to frame three key questions
The Boys Club: Engineering a More Positive Environment for Women in Male-Dominated Majors
Sexual harassment has been widely studied in the workforce, but the factors that contribute to hostile educational environments for women have received less attention. The present study focuses on
The Traditional Individual in Society: A Study on Traditional Gender Roles and Mental Health
Gender roles are socially constructed norms prescribed for men and women in society to follow. Specifically, men and women have been assigned to traditional roles that are seen as "correct" for their
Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes
Informed by moral typecasting theory, we predicted a gender bias in harm evaluation, such that women are more easily categorized as victims and men as perpetrators. Study 1 participants assumed a
Gender Threat, Male Dominance, and Masculinity: A Perfect Storm for Workplace Aggression
Gender Threat, Male Dominance, and Masculinity: A Perfect Storm for Workplace Aggression Brooke Elise Dresden Department of Psychology, BYU Doctor of Philosophy Higher prevalence of gender harassment
Race, threat and workplace sexual harassment: The dynamics of harassment in the United States, 1997–2016
Sexual harassment is a persistent problem for women in the workplace. Prior research has explored the effects of sexual harassment on the psychological, physical and economic wellbeing of the
MASCULINITY IDEOLOGY AND THREAT TO MANHOOD AS PRECURSORS OF VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN IN TURKEY
This study aims to explore the effect of masculinity ideology (MI) and the threat to manhood (TM) on violence against women (VAW) in Turkey by testing two mediational models. The data is collected
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 45 REFERENCES
When men break the gender rules: Status incongruity and backlash against modest men.
Adherence to masculine norms and stereotypes has been linked to negative consequences for men, suggesting that liberating men from the bonds of traditional masculinity would be beneficial (Courtenay,
The Proof is in the Punch: Gender Differences in Perceptions of Action and Aggression as Components of Manhood
Two studies test the hypotheses that men, relative to women: 1) see manhood as a more elusive, impermanent state than womanhood, and 2) understand aggression as a means of proving or re-establishing
Gender stereotypes stem from the distribution of women and men into social roles
According to stereotypic beliefs about the sexes, women are more communal (selfless and concerned with others) and less agentic (self-assertive and motivated to master) than men. These beliefs were
What Women and Men Should Be, Shouldn't be, are Allowed to be, and don't Have to Be: The Contents of Prescriptive Gender Stereotypes
This article presents a four-category framework to characterize the contents of prescriptive gender stereotypes. The framework distinguishes between prescriptions and proscriptions that are
Hard won and easily lost: A review and synthesis of theory and research on precarious manhood.
This article reviews evidence that manhood is seen as a precarious social status that is both difficult to achieve and tenuously held. Compared with womanhood, which is typically viewed as resulting
Intrepid, imprudent, or impetuous? The effects of gender threats on men's financial decisions.
Among the conjectured causes of the recent U.S. financial crisis is the hyper-masculine culture of Wall Street that promotes extreme risk-taking. In two experiments, we found that threats to their
Prescriptive Gender Stereotypes and Backlash Toward Agentic Women
In an experiment, job description and applicants' attributes were examined as moderators of the backlash effect, the negative evaluation of agentic women for violating prescriptions of feminine
Role rigidity: a problem of identity misclassification?
TLDR
Findings presented here reveal that expectations of identity misclassification fuel nonstigmatized individuals' negative reactions to role violations and that using a disclaimer--that is, informing their audience of their nonStigmatized identity--assuages people's discomfort during a role-violating behavior.
Mate selection preferences: gender differences examined in a national sample.
TLDR
The gender differences found in this study were consistent with those secured in previous research and were quite consistent across age groups and races.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...