Memory performance on the California Verbal Learning Test–II: Findings from patients with focal frontal lesions

  title={Memory performance on the California Verbal Learning Test–II: Findings from patients with focal frontal lesions},
  author={Juliana V. Baldo and Dean C. Delis and Joel H. Kramer and Arthur P. Shimamura},
  journal={Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society},
  pages={539 - 546}
Numerous studies have suggested that frontal cortex plays a strategic, rather than an absolute, role in memory performance. Typically, frontal patients are reported to have impaired recall but normal recognition memory. A recent meta-analysis, however, has questioned this conclusion. To further investigate the role of frontal cortex in long-term memory, patients with focal frontal lesions and age- and education-matched controls were tested on a new version of the California Verbal Learning Test… 
The Ubiquity of Memory Retrieval Deficits in Patients With Frontal-Striatal Dysfunction
  • V. Zizak, J. Filoteo, D. Salmon
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Cognitive and behavioral neurology : official journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
  • 2005
These findings suggest that not all patient groups with frontal-striatal dysfunction display a retrieval deficit profile, but in groups that do (ie, patients with HD), it is more likely to appear in individuals with greater cognitive impairment.
Impaired List Learning Is Not a General Property of Frontal Lesions
The frontal group was impaired on almost all measures, but impairments on most measures were particularly identified with lesions in the left superior frontal lobe and some deficits in learning processes were surprisingly more prominent on the blocked list.
The Doors and People Test: The Effect of Frontal Lobe Lesions on Recall and Recognition Memory Performance
It is demonstrated that when frontal patients are assessed on recall and recognition memory tests of comparable difficulty, memory impairments are found on both types of episodic memory test.
Frontal Lobes and Memory
The role of the prefrontal cortex in learning and recall, memory for contextual information, metamemory and retrieval from remote memory, and impairments in on-line processing associated with working memory and attention are reviewed.
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An experimental investigation was carried out to test the relationship between the PFC-dependent factors and semantic factors associated with common and specific features of words, and a correlation was found between fluid intelligence and the Von-Restorff effect.
Source memory retrieval is affected by aging and prefrontal lesions: Behavioral and ERP evidence
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The data suggest the existence of distinct memory impairments in MCI and caution against the routine use of a single memory test score to operationally define MCI.


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The pattern of memory deficits suggests an impairment instrategic processes associated with organization and monitor-ing at encoding and retrieval in frontal lobe patients may be related to deficits instrategic search of memory.
Frontal lobe damage produces episodic memory impairment.
There is strong evidence that frontal damage disrupts performance on all three types of tests, with the greatest impairment in free recall, and the smallest in recognition.
Susceptibility to Memory Interference Effects following Frontal Lobe Damage: Findings from Tests of Paired-Associate Learning
The findings suggest that the on-line control of irrelevant or competing memory associations is disrupted following frontal lobe lesions, indicative of an impaired gating or filtering mechanism that affects not only memory function but other cognitive function as well.
Verbal memory in brain damaged patients under different conditions of retrieval aids: a study of frontal, temporal, and diencephalic damaged subjects.
It is concluded that increasing the possibilities for depth of information processing assists brain damaged (as well as normal) subjects in verbal learning, but that the advantage of aiding them at the moment of encoding and retrieval is highest for patients with restricted lesions and/or with lesions not invading the two regions most regularly implicated in long-term information processing.
Spatial and color working memory in patients with lateral prefrontal cortex lesions
LPFC patients were disproportionately impaired in the interference condition of this experiment—namely, when they had to perform an interference task during the delay period of the color working memory task.
Source memory impairment in patients with frontal lobe lesions
Implicit and Explicit Conceptual Memory Following Frontal Lobe Damage
The findings of normal performance on implicit conceptual tests suggest that frontal patients do not have a basic deficit in semantic processing of individual items, and impaired performance on explicit cued recall tests may be related to deficits in the use of organizational encoding and strategic retrieval processes.
Impaired use of organizational strategies in free recall following frontal lobe damage