Memory in Autism: Review and Synthesis

@article{Shalom2003MemoryIA,
  title={Memory in Autism: Review and Synthesis},
  author={Dorit Ben Shalom},
  journal={Cortex},
  year={2003},
  volume={39},
  pages={1129-1138}
}
  • D. Shalom
  • Published 31 December 2003
  • Psychology, Biology
  • Cortex
Impaired Social Processing in Autism and its Reflections in Memory: A Deeper View of Encoding and Retrieval Processes
TLDR
The results suggest that social memory deficits in ASC arise from difficulties both in orienting towards and encoding social content, as well as retaining and retrieving it.
Memory functioning in children and adolescents with autism.
TLDR
Findings indicate that performance on measures of episodic memory is broadly reduced in autism, and support the conclusion that information encoding and organization, possibly due to inefficient cognitive processing strategies, rather than storage and retrieval, are the primary factors that limit memory performance in autism.
Overactive Pattern Separation Memory Associated with Negative Emotionality in Adults Diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder
TLDR
In the context of impaired emotion regulation in ASD, there is a need for integrated cognitive, affective, and neural systems approaches to build targeted interventions.
Memory in autistic spectrum disorder.
TLDR
It is provisionally concluded that memory profiles in HFA and M-LFA (relative to ability-matched controls) are similar but that declarative memory impairments are more extensive in M- LFA than in H FA, and the urgent need for research on memory in lower functioning individuals is highlighted.
Episodic and Semantic Autobiographical Memory in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders
TLDR
Analysis of memories across different lifetime periods revealed the adolescent and early adult lifetime periods to facilitate memory recall in the control group, but not in the ASD group, suggesting a distinctive pattern of remembering in ASD.
A compensatory role for declarative memory in neurodevelopmental disorders
Declarative Memory and Structural Language Impairment in Autistic Children and Adolescents
TLDR
Findings of interest were that declarative memory processes and lexical‐semantic knowledge were also linked in the LD group and that the ASD groups—and to a lesser extent theLD group—may have compensated for declaratives memory impairments using spared visual‐perceptual abilities, a finding with potential educational implications.
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References

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TLDR
The results do not support the theory that high-functioning autism is a type of medial temporal lobe amnesia, but they suggest that persons with autism use different organizational strategies during encoding or retrieval of items from memory.
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The group with autism performed significantly worse than comparison subjects on measures of temporal order memory, source memory, supraspan free recall, working memory, and EF, but not on short- and long-term recognition, cued recall, or new learning ability, consistent with the predictions of the EF theory.
Visual memory processes in high-functioning individuals with autism
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It was concluded that autistic subjects perform particularly poorly on meaningless materials, but they are able to utilize meaning to aid their visual memory.
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TLDR
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An experiment is reported in which autistic children's memory for recent events was compared with that of normal age-matched and retarded age-and ability-matched controls. The autistic subjects'
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