Memory illusions and consciousness: Examining the phenomenology of true and false memories

  title={Memory illusions and consciousness: Examining the phenomenology of true and false memories},
  author={James Michael Lampinen and Jeffrey S. Neuschatz and David G. Payne},
  journal={Current Psychology},
Several recent false memory studies have addressed the question of how false memories are experienced phenomenologically. In this article we argue that it is not only possible to address questions of this sort, but it is necessary for a full understanding of memory illusions. We define memory illusions as false beliefs about the past that are experienced as memories. We then review a corpus of evidence that addresses the phenomenological experience of false memories. None of this evidence is… 
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False memories—either remembering events that never happened, or remembering them quite differently from the way they happened—have recently captured the attention of both psychologists and the
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It is suggested that false recognition of nonstudied words preceded by numerous associates depends on the same kinds of semantic and associative information about study list words that also supports accurate recognition.
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  • J. Read
  • Psychology
    Psychonomic bulletin & review
  • 1996
The frequency with which subjects erroneously included a nonpresented word in their recall of a study list was explored and the results are discussed in terms of their relevance to the “memory-recovery” debate.
Compelling Memory Illusions
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The important message of this position is that investigators across the whole range of memory research have to face the problems related to phenomenal experience during memory tasks.
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The findings indicate that although misled subjects are capable of identifying the source of their memories of misleading suggestions, they nonetheless sometimes misidentify them as memories derived from the original event.
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According to many clinical psychologists, when the mind is forced to endure a horrifying experience, it has the ability to bury the entire memory of it so deeply within the unconscious that it can
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