Memory for Music in Alzheimer’s Disease: Unforgettable?

  title={Memory for Music in Alzheimer’s Disease: Unforgettable?},
  author={Amee D. Baird and S{\'e}verine Samson},
  journal={Neuropsychology Review},
The notion that memory for music can be preserved in patients with Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) has been raised by a number of case studies. In this paper, we review the current research examining musical memory in patients with AD. In keeping with models of memory described in the non-musical domain, we propose that various forms of musical memory exist, and may be differentially impaired in AD, reflecting the pattern of neuropathological changes associated with the condition. Our synthesis of… 

Always in Tune: The Unforgettable Memory for Music in Alzheimer’s Disease

Musical creativity is a complex skill that is dependent upon auditory and visual processing, fine motor skills and memory for music. It is likely distinct from verbal and visual memory. Studies on

Musical tasks targeting preserved and impaired functions in two dementias

Patients with dementias with contrasting cognitive profiles are studied to explore specific aspects of music cognition under challenge, and preliminary results show that AD patients score similarly to controls in the imagery tasks, but PD/LBD patients are impaired relative to Controls in suppressing some irrelevant musical dimensions.

Why musical memory can be preserved in advanced Alzheimer's disease.

Interestingly, the regions identified to encode musical memory corresponded to areas that showed substantially minimal cortical atrophy and minimal disruption of glucose-metabolism as compared to the rest of the brain, which suggests that the regions of interest were still in a very early stage of the expected course of biomarker development in these regions and therefore relatively well preserved.

Preservation of musical memory and engagement in healthy aging and Alzheimer's disease

It is shown that, despite cognitive loss, persons with mild to moderate AD preserve musical engagement and music seeking and new data involve the development of a Musical Engagement Questionnaire especially designed for use with AD patients.

Explicit and implicit memory for music in healthy older adults and patients with mild Alzheimer’s disease

The implicit memory findings suggest that patients with AD may still show a preference for information familiar to them, and the explicit memory results suggest that there may be limitations on the benefits that music can provide to recognition memory performance.

Preservation of musical memory in an amnesic professional cellist

Emotional Power of Music in Patients with Memory Disorders Clinical Implications of Cognitive Neuroscience

By adapting methods of cognitive psychology to neuropsychology, we examined memory and familiarity abilities in music in relation to emotion. First we present data illustrating how the emotional

Music-based memory enhancement in Alzheimer's Disease: Promise and limitations

The cognitive organization of music knowledge: a clinical analysis

It is proposed that music constitutes a distinct domain of non-verbal knowledge but shares certain cognitive organizational features with other brain knowledge systems, including dissociable cognitive mechanisms process knowledge derived from physical sources and the knowledge of abstract musical entities.



Music, memory, and Alzheimer's disease: is music recognition spared in dementia, and how can it be assessed?

Preservation of episodic musical memory in a pianist with Alzheimer disease

A right-handed professional pianist with a family history of AD was evaluated for possible dementia and presented with psychotic depression and delusional paranoid ideation, a clinical report exploring distinctions in music perception in a patient with Alzheimer disease.

Musical Skill in Dementia: A Violinist Presumed to Have Alzheimer’s Disease Learns to Play a New Song

SL’s learning of the new song in the absence of any evidence of episodic memory is reminiscent of patients with temporal lobe amnesia who show better memory for song melody than for lyrics or verse, although his retention was not as good.

Music tunes up memory in dementia patients

Implicit memory for music in Alzheimer's disease.

It is speculated that auditory presentation, especially of nonverbal material, may be compromised in AD because of neural degeneration in auditory areas in the temporal lobes.

Music memory provides access to verbal knowledge in a patient with global amnesia

Abstract We report on the patient CH, who showed marked impairment of declarative memory in everyday life and standardized memory tests subsequent to herpes simplex encephalltis. However, there was

Investigating the Enhancing Effect of Music on Autobiographical Memory in Mild Alzheimer’s Disease

A significant reduction in state anxiety was found on the State Trait Anxiety Inventory in the music condition, suggesting anxiety reduction as a potential mechanism underlying the enhancing effect of music on autobiographical memory recall.

Musical experience and dementia. Hypothesis

  • M. GrantJ. Brody
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Aging clinical and experimental research
  • 2004
The results of this study are consistent with the hypothesis that dementing illness may be less among orchestral musicians — possibly from a lifetime engaged in a cognitively stimulating endeavor.

Preservation of musical memory in Alzheimer's disease.

An 82 year old musician with Alzheimer's disease (AD) showed a preserved ability to play previously learned piano compositions from memory while being unable to identify the composer or titles of

Functional correlates of musical and visual ability in frontotemporal dementia

Patients with the left-sided temporal lobe variant of FTD offer an unexpected window into the neurological mediation of visual and musical talents.