Memory for Fact, Fiction, and Misinformation

  title={Memory for Fact, Fiction, and Misinformation},
  author={Stephan Lewandowsky and Werner G. K. Stritzke and Klaus Oberauer and Michael Morales},
  journal={Psychological Science},
  pages={190 - 195}
Media coverage of the 2003 Iraq War frequently contained corrections and retractions of earlier information. For example, claims that Iraqi forces executed coalition prisoners of war after they surrendered were retracted the day after the claims were made. Similarly, tentative initial reports about the discovery of weapons of mass destruction were all later disconfirmed. We investigated the effects of these retractions and disconfirmations on people's memory for and beliefs about war-related… 

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