Memory conformity: Can eyewitnesses influence each other's memories for an event?

@article{Gabbert2003MemoryCC,
  title={Memory conformity: Can eyewitnesses influence each other's memories for an event?},
  author={Fiona Gabbert and Amina Memon and Kevin Allan},
  journal={Applied Cognitive Psychology},
  year={2003},
  volume={17},
  pages={533-543}
}
The current study investigated memory conformity effects between individuals who witness and then discuss a criminal event, employing a novel procedure whereby each member of a dyad watches a different video of the same event. Each video contained unique items that were thus seen only by one witness. Dyads in one condition were encouraged to discuss the event before each witness (individually) performed a recall test, while in a control condition dyads were not allowed to discuss the event… Expand
Memory conformity: Disentangling the steps toward influence during a discussion
TLDR
The most striking finding was that the witness initiating the discussion was most likely to influence the other witness’s memory report, and witnesses were mostlikely to be influenced when an additional (previously unseen) item of information was encountered in the discussion. Expand
Memory Conformity Between Eyewitnesses
ore than a century of psychology research has shown that memory is fallible. People's memory can be influenced by information encountered after an incident has been witnessed—so-called posteventExpand
Can a witness report hearsay evidence unintentionally? The effects of discussion on eyewitness memory
Abstract When eyewitnesses are exposed to misinformation about an event from a co-witness, they often incorporate this misinformation in their recall of the event. The current research aimed toExpand
Combating Co-witness Contamination: Attempting to Decrease the Negative Effects of Discussion on Eyewitness Memory
Witnesses who discuss an event with others often incorporate misinformation encountered during the discussion into their memory of the event. Two experiments were conducted to establish whether thisExpand
The effects of perceived memory ability on memory conformity for an event
  • L. Monds, Mark V A Howard, H. Paterson, R. Kemp
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Psychiatry, psychology, and law : an interdisciplinary journal of the Australian and New Zealand Association of Psychiatry, Psychology and Law
  • 2019
TLDR
False memory feedback indicating lower relative performance was associated with significant increases in sensitivity to misinformation and the potential contributions that co-witnesses' perceptions of both their partner's reliability and their own reliability have on event memory were discussed. Expand
Can a witness report hearsay evidence unintentionally
When eyewitnesses are exposed to misinformation about an event from a co-witness, they often incorporate this misinformation in their recall of the event. The current research aimed to investigateExpand
Memory Conformity and Eyewitness Testimony
False eyewitness testimonies are a problem that affects the lives of many defendants. One of the causes of false testimonies is memory conformity. When one witness discusses his or her memory for aExpand
Reevaluating the potency of the memory conformity effect
TLDR
Encouraging source monitoring at test can reduce the negative consequences of co-witness collaboration and help witnesses report event details acquired solely from another witness. Expand
The intoxicated co-witness: effects of alcohol and dyadic discussion on memory conformity and event recall
TLDR
A co-witness memory paradigm with an alcohol administration paradigm was combined to examine the influence of alcohol and dyadic discussion on remembering a mock crime and found dyads were more likely to recall misleading details in their individual recall attempts compared to the control group. Expand
Co-Witness Auditory Memory Conformity following Discussion: A Misinformation Paradigm
TLDR
Witness memory performance was assessed individually with multiple-choice questionnaires and source monitoring analyses revealed that even those participants who conformed were mostly cognizant of the source of their information just after the discussion, but they were prone to source-monitoring errors a week later. Expand
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