Memories of childhood abuse: dissociation, amnesia, and corroboration.

  title={Memories of childhood abuse: dissociation, amnesia, and corroboration.},
  author={James A. Chu and Linda Frey and Barbara L. Ganzel and Jesse Matthews},
  journal={The American journal of psychiatry},
  volume={156 5},
OBJECTIVE This study investigated the relationship between self-reported childhood abuse and dissociative symptoms and amnesia. The presence or absence of corroboration of recovered memories of childhood abuse was also studied. METHOD Participants were 90 female patients admitted to a unit specializing in the treatment of trauma-related disorders. Participants completed instruments that measured dissociative symptoms and elicited details concerning childhood physical abuse, sexual abuse, and… 

Tables from this paper

Dissociation as a mediator of psychopathology among sexually abused children and adolescents.

Dissociation may be a critical mediator of psychiatric symptoms and risk-taking behavior among sexually abused children and the assessment of dissociation among children may be an important aspect of treatment.

Symptoms of Trauma and Traumatic Memory Retrieval in Adult Survivors of Childhood Sexual Abuse

  • C. MalmoT. S. Laidlaw
  • Psychology
    Journal of trauma & dissociation : the official journal of the International Society for the Study of Dissociation
  • 2010
There were striking similarities in the detailed recall of trauma memories for both groups, and memories of abuse emerged in substantial perceptual, somatic, and emotional detail over time before developing into a narrative.

Peritraumatic Somatoform and Psychological Dissociation in Relation to Recall of Childhood Sexual Abuse

This retrospective study suggested that delayed recall of CSA is associated with peritraumatic dissociation and CSA severity and suggested that trauma-especially that which involves serious threat to the integrity of the body-may evoke somatoform dissociation.

The Role of Depression and Dissociation in the Link Between Childhood Sexual Abuse and Later Parental Practices

Results from multiple hierarchical regressions pointed to dissociative symptoms as the key predictor of parental practices and attitudes, which mediated the association between childhood maltreatment and inconsistency in applying discipline.

Characteristics of Child Maltreatment and Their Relation to Dissociation, Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms, and Depression in Adult Psychiatric Patients

The findings suggest that dissociation is a relatively specific consequence of childhood maltreatment that is largely independent of the familial relationship to the perpetrator or the child’s developmental stage.

Psychogenic amnesia for childhood sexual abuse and risk for sexual revictimisation in both adolescence and adulthood

This study was an investigation of the additional risk conferred by the experience of psychogenic amnesia for memories of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) on the likelihood of becoming a victim of sexual

Child Sexual Abuse Survivors with Dissociative Amnesia: What's the Difference?

Differences between the two types of survivors with dissociative amnesia histories have different formative and therapeutic issues than survivors of child sexual abuse who have had continuous memory of their abuse.

Comparing Dissociation and PTSD in Sexually Abused School-Aged Girls

Results from bivariate analyses show that the two symptom constellations represent distinct constructs, and that intrafamilial abuse and chronicity do not predict PTSD, however, abuse involving intrusive acts (penetration) does predict PTSD symptoms.

Reversal of Amnesia for Trauma in a Sample of Psychiatric Inpatients with Dissociative Identity Disorder and Dissociative Disorder Not Otherwise Specified

ABSTRACT The authors interviewed 118 highly dissociative inpatients in a Trauma Program with the Dissociative Disorders Interview Schedule, the Dissociative Experiences Scale and the Adverse

Adult Survivors of Childhood Sexual Abuse: Forgetting and Remembering

Past research on adult memory for childhood sexual abuse (CSA) has provided support for the phenomenon of forgetting and subsequent recovery of the memories, after a period of time. This phenomenon,



Correlates of dissociative symptomatology in patients with physical and sexual abuse histories.

Self-reported amnesia for abuse in adults molested as children

A sample of 450 adult clinical subjects reporting sexual abuse histories were studied regarding their repression of sexual abuse incidents. A total of 267 subjects (59.3%) identified some period in

Dissociative symptoms in relation to childhood physical and sexual abuse.

  • J. ChuD. Dill
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The American journal of psychiatry
  • 1990
Subjects with a history of childhood abuse reported higher levels of dissociative symptoms than those who did not, and patients with histories of abuse had scores at or above the median score of patients with posttraumatic stress disorder.

Memories of Childhood Sexual Abuse: Remembering and Repressing

Women involved in out-patient treatment for substance abuse were interviewed to examine their recollections of childhood sexual abuse. Overall, 54% of the 105 women reported a history of childhood

Recall of childhood trauma: a prospective study of women's memories of child sexual abuse.

  • L. Williams
  • Psychology
    Journal of consulting and clinical psychology
  • 1994
One hundred twenty-nine women with previously documented histories of sexual victimization in childhood were interviewed and asked detailed questions about their abuse histories to answer the

Dissociative disorders in psychiatric inpatients.

A high proportion of psychiatric inpatients have significant dissociative pathology, and these symptoms are underrecognized by clinicians, and the proper diagnosis of these patients has important implications for their clinical course.

Recovery and verification of memories of childhood sexual trauma.

Fifty-three women outpatients participated in short-term therapy groups for incest survivors and three out of four patients were able to validate their memories by obtaining corroborating evidence from other sources.

The psychological processing of traumatic experience: Rorschach patterns in PTSD

The Rorschach records of 13 Vietnam veterans with PTSD were compared with 11 matched combat controls and were analyzed for both content and structural features. These Rorschachs showed an unmodified

Childhood traumas: an outline and overview.

  • L. Terr
  • Psychology
    The American journal of psychiatry
  • 1991
The author suggests four characteristics related to childhood trauma that appear to last for long periods of life, no matter what diagnosis the patient eventually receives.

The Dissociative Experiences Scale: A replication study.

The authors administered the Dissociative Experiences Scale to medical student controls and patients with multiple personality disorder, schizophrenia, panic disorder ,and chemical dependency.