Memoir 4: An Analysis of the History of Marine Animal Diversity

  title={Memoir 4: An Analysis of the History of Marine Animal Diversity},
  author={Steven M. Stanley},
  pages={1 - 55}
  • S. Stanley
  • Published 1 October 2007
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • Paleobiology
According to when they attained high diversity, major taxa of marine animals have been clustered into three groups, the Cambrian, Paleozoic, and Modern Faunas. Because the Cambrian Fauna was a relatively minor component of the total fauna after mid-Ordovician time, the Phanerozoic history of marine animal diversity is largely a matter of the fates of the Paleozoic and Modern Faunas. The fact that most late Cenozoic genera belong to taxa that have been radiating for tens of millions of years… 

Differentiation of high-latitude and polar marine faunas in a greenhouse world

Aim The aim was to investigate those factors that influenced the differentiation of high-latitude and polar marine faunas on both ecological and evolutionary time-scales. Can a focus on a greenhouse

A ubiquitous ~62-Myr periodic fluctuation superimposed on general trends in fossil biodiversity. I. Documentation

Joint time-series analysis of various reductions of the Sepkoski Data, Paleobiology Database, and Fossil Record 2 indicate the same periodicity in biodiversity of marine animals at 62 Myr, but it is found that the signal strength decreases with time because of the accumulation of apparently “resistant” long-lived genera.

Is biodiversity energy-limited or unbounded? A test in fossil and modern bivalves

Abstract. The quantity of biomass in an ecosystem is constrained by energy availability. It is less clear, however, how energy availability constrains taxonomic and functional diversity. Competing

The oldest Cambrian trilobite – brachiopod association in South China

Diversity and phylogeography of Southern Ocean sea stars (Asteroidea)

Comment les especes sont-elles distribuees sur les fonds marins de l’Ocean Austral ? Quels sont les facteurs qui peuvent expliquer leur distribution ? Ces questions, centrales en macroecologie sont

Theoretical diversity of the marine biosphere

In considering the history of biodiversity paleontologists have focused on exploratory investigations of empirical data derived from the fossil record. Starting with the pioneering work of Philips



Diversification, Faunal Change, and Community Replacement during the Ordovician Radiations

The Ordovician evolutionary radiations represent a major pivotal point in the history of life on earth. During the few tens of million years between the ends of the Cambrian and Ordovician Periods,

A provincial model of Phanerozoic marine diversity

Much new empirical evidence on the levels of Phanerozoic paleoprovinciality and of species diversity within paleocommunities now permits a reevaluation of marine diversity patterns. Data on

A factor analytic description of the Phanerozoic marine fossil record

  • J. Sepkoski
  • Geography, Environmental Science
  • 1981
Data on numbers of marine families within 91 metazoan classes known from the Phanerozoic fossil record are analyzed. The distribution of the 2800 fossil families among the classes is very uneven,

Geologic constraints on the macroevolutionary history of marine animals.

  • S. Peters
  • Environmental Science, Geography
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 2005
This work compares the rates of expansion and truncation of preserved marine sedimentary basins to rates of origination and extinction among Phanerozoic marine animal genera and suggests that the processes responsible for producing variability in the sedimentary rock record, such as plate tectonics and sea-level change, may have been dominant and consistent macroevolutionary forces throughout the Phanrozoic.

Did Alpha Diversity Increase during the Phanerozoic? Lifting the Veils of Taphonomic, Latitudinal, and Environmental Biases

We estimate the effects of three biases on the observed alpha diversity of paleocommunities from the Middle Paleozoic and Late Cenozoic. The first bias results from the preferential dissolution of

Taxonomic Level as a Determinant of the Shape of the Phanerozoic Marine Biodiversity Curve

A species‐level model of global Phanerozoic marine diversification, constructed by extrapolation of the trends from familial to generic level, suggests growth in numbers of marine species was broadly exponential.

A kinetic model of Phanerozoic taxonomic diversity I. Analysis of marine orders

  • J. Sepkoski
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 1978
This model appears to describe adequately the “explosive” diversification of known metazoan orders across the Precambrian-Cambrian Boundary, suggesting that no special event, other than the initial appearance of Metazoa, is necessary to explain this phenomenon.

Species diversity in the Phanerozoic: an interpretation

  • D. Raup
  • Geology, Environmental Science
  • 1976
Species diversity among fossil invertebrates of the Phanerozoic is highly correlated with volume and area of sedimentary rocks. The correlations are statistically significant at the 1% level. The

Biogeographic patterns and Plio-Pleistocene extinction of Bivalvia in the Mediterranean and southern North Sea

An evaluation of the history of polysyringian species (filibranchs and eulamellibranchs) reveals that the huge early Pliocene bivalve fauna of the Mediterranean Basin (MB) and North Sea Basin (NSB)