Membrane fouling in a membrane bioreactor (MBR): sludge cake formation and fouling characteristics.

@article{Chu2005MembraneFI,
  title={Membrane fouling in a membrane bioreactor (MBR): sludge cake formation and fouling characteristics.},
  author={Hiu Ping Chu and Xiaoyan Li},
  journal={Biotechnology and bioengineering},
  year={2005},
  volume={90 3},
  pages={323-31}
}
A submerged membrane bioreactor (MBR) with a working volume of 1.4 L and a hollow fiber microfiltration membrane was used to treat a contaminated raw water supply at a short hydraulic retention time (HRT) of approximately 1 h. Filtration flux tests were conducted regularly on the membrane to determine various fouling resistances, and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were employed to characterize the biofouling development and sludge cake formation… CONTINUE READING