Membrane-forming properties of gemini lipids possessing aromatic backbone between the hydrocarbon chains and the cationic headgroup.


Membrane-forming properties of five new gemini cationic lipids possessing an aromatic backbone between the headgroup and hydrocarbon chains have been presented. These gemini lipids differ by the number of polymethylene units [-(CH(2))(n)-] between the cationic ammonium -[N(+)(CH(3))(2)]- headgroups. The membrane-forming properties of these gemini lipids have been studied in detail by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), dynamic light scattering (DLS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), high-sensitivity differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Paldan fluorescence studies, and UV-vis absorption spectroscopy. The electron micrographs and dynamic light scattering of their aqueous suspensions confirmed the formation of vesicular-type aggregates. The vesicle sizes and morphologies were found to depend strongly on the n-value of the spacer. Information on the thermotropic and hydration properties of the resulting vesicles was obtained from differential scanning calorimetry and temperature-dependent Paldan fluorescence studies, respectively. Examination of the thermotropic phase-transition properties of the lipid aggregates revealed interesting features of these lipids, which were found to depend on the length of the spacer chain. Paldan fluorescence studies indicate that the membranes of the gemini lipids are less hydrated as compared to that of the monomeric counterpart in their solid-gel state. In contrast in their fluid, liquid-crystalline phase, the hydration of gemini lipid aggregates was found to depend strongly on the length of the spacer. UV-vis absorption studies suggest an apparent H-type aggregate formation in the gemini lipid membranes in the gel states. In fluid state of the lipid membranes, H-aggregate formation was found to be enhanced depending on the length of the spacer. Such an understanding of the properties upon membrane formation from this new class of gemini lipids will be useful for further development of related gene delivery systems.

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@article{Bhattacharya2007MembraneformingPO, title={Membrane-forming properties of gemini lipids possessing aromatic backbone between the hydrocarbon chains and the cationic headgroup.}, author={Santanu Bhattacharya and Avinash Bajaj}, journal={The journal of physical chemistry. B}, year={2007}, volume={111 48}, pages={13511-9} }