Melanopsin-expressing ganglion cells in primate retina signal colour and irradiance and project to the LGN

@article{Dacey2005MelanopsinexpressingGC,
  title={Melanopsin-expressing ganglion cells in primate retina signal colour and irradiance and project to the LGN},
  author={D. Dacey and H. Liao and B. Peterson and F. Robinson and V. Smith and J. Pokorny and K. Yau and Paul D. Gamlin},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2005},
  volume={433},
  pages={749-754}
}
Human vision starts with the activation of rod photoreceptors in dim light and short (S)-, medium (M)-, and long (L)- wavelength-sensitive cone photoreceptors in daylight. Recently a parallel, non-rod, non-cone photoreceptive pathway, arising from a population of retinal ganglion cells, was discovered in nocturnal rodents. These ganglion cells express the putative photopigment melanopsin and by signalling gross changes in light intensity serve the subconscious, ‘non-image-forming’ functions of… Expand
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