Melancholia and Depression During the 19th Century: a Conceptual History

@article{Berros1988MelancholiaAD,
  title={Melancholia and Depression During the 19th Century: a Conceptual History},
  author={Germ{\'a}n E. Berr{\'i}os},
  journal={British Journal of Psychiatry},
  year={1988},
  volume={153},
  pages={298 - 304}
}
  • G. Berríos
  • Published 1 September 1988
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • British Journal of Psychiatry
The meaning of ‘melancholia’ in classical antiquity is opaque and has little in common with 20th-century psychiatric usage (Drabkin, 1955; Heiberg, 1927). At that time, melancholia and mania were not polar opposites (i.e. one was not defined as having opposite features to the other). Melancholia was defined in terms of overt behavioural features such as decreased motility, and morosity (Roccatagliata, 1973; Simon, 1978). Hence, in medical usage, ‘melancholia’ referred to a subtype of mania and… 
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