Melaleuca alternifolia (Tea Tree) Oil: a Review of Antimicrobial and Other Medicinal Properties

@article{Carson2006MelaleucaA,
  title={Melaleuca alternifolia (Tea Tree) Oil: a Review of Antimicrobial and Other Medicinal Properties},
  author={Christine F. Carson and Katherine A. Hammer and Thomas V. Riley},
  journal={Clinical Microbiology Reviews},
  year={2006},
  volume={19},
  pages={50 - 62}
}
SUMMARY Complementary and alternative medicines such as tea tree (melaleuca) oil have become increasingly popular in recent decades. This essential oil has been used for almost 100 years in Australia but is now available worldwide both as neat oil and as an active component in an array of products. The primary uses of tea tree oil have historically capitalized on the antiseptic and anti-inflammatory actions of the oil. This review summarizes recent developments in our understanding of the… 
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Tea Tree Oil (Melaleuca alternifolia) - An Efficient Treatment for Warts: Two Case Reports
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Critical Evaluation of Melaleuca alternifolia : A Review of the Phytochemical Profile, Pharmacological Attributes and Medicinal Properties in the Botanical, Human and Global Perspectives
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Melaleuca (tea tree) oil has become increasingly commonly used in recent decades. The essential oil in Australia for the past 120 years is now available globally as an active component in various
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TLDR
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Extraction of Essential Oils from Melaleuca alternifolia sp. (Australian Tea Tree Plant) using Solvent Extraction Method
In this report, the Melaleuca alternifolia genus, commonly known as the Australian tea tree plant were chosen for essential oil extraction study, as the oil being extracted from this plant possess
Effect of tea tree (Melaleuca alternifolia) oil as a natural antimicrobial agent in lipophilic formulations.
TLDR
It is shown that TTO can act as a suitable preservative system within an oil-based formulation and that low levels of TTO were effective in reducing microbial growth during the use of the product.
Tea Tree Oil and Its Use in Aromatherapy
TLDR
In this review historical, and morphological information about M. alternifolia plant, chemical properties related to TTO and the mechanism of antimicrobial, antiviral and antifungal actions will be explained, relying extensively on existing literature.
Chemistry and Biological Activities of Essential Oils from Melaleuca L. Species
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Important essential oil-producing species and two subspecies of Melaleuca in terms of their essential oil chemical composition, medicinal applications, and leaf morphoanatomy are described.
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References

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TEA TREE OIL IN THE TREATMENT OF TINEA PEDIS
TLDR
Tea tree oil cream appears to reduce the symptomatology of tinea pedis as effectively as tolnaftate 1% but is no more effective than placebo in achieving a mycological cure.
Antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of Melaleuca alternifolia
TLDR
The essential oil of M. alternifolia, or tea tree oil, has enjoyed increased medicinal use in recent years and is composed of a complex mixture of monoterpenes, 1‐terpinen‐4‐ol, cineole and other hydrocarbons.
Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree) oil gel (6%) for the treatment of recurrent herpes labialis.
TLDR
The essential oil of Melaleuca alternifolia, or tea tree oil, has broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity in vitro, including activity against herpes simplex virus (HSV), the aetiological agent of RHL.
In vitro evaluation of the antibacterial activity of beta-triketones admixed to Melaleuca oils.
TLDR
Both Melaleuca oil mixtures showed good antimicrobial effects against Staphylococcus aureus and Moraxella catarrhalis, exceeding the effectiveness of myrtol, which is well established in the treatment of acute and chronic bronchitis and sinusitis.
Antimicrobial activity of the major components of the essential oil of Melaleuca alternifolia.
TLDR
The antimicrobial activity of eight components of tea tree oil was evaluated using disc diffusion and broth microdilution methods and reasonable agreement between minimum inhibitory concentrations and zones of inhibition was found.
Synergistic antifungal activity of tea tree (Melaleuca alternifolia) and lavender (Lavandula angustifolia) essential oils against dermatophyte infection
TLDR
Investigation of the antifungal potential of tea tree and lavender essential oils alone and in combination, against common causes of tinea infection in humans was investigated via in-vitro investigations, confirming that synergistic action does occur between these two commonly used essential oils in effecting antIFungal activity.
A comparative study of tea‐tree oil versus benzoylperoxide in the treatment of acne
TLDR
5% tea‐tree oil and 5% benzoyl peroxide had a significant effect in ameliorating the patients' acne by reducing the number of inflamed and non‐inflamed lesions (open and closed comedones), although the onset of action in the case of tea‐ tree oil was slower.
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A Comparative Study of the in vitro Antimicrobial Activity of Tea Tree Oils s.l. with Special Reference to the Activity of β-Triketones
The in vitro antibacterial and antifungal activities of Australian tea tree oil, cajuput oil, niaouli oil, kanuka oil and manuka oil as well as of a beta-triketone complex isolated from manuka oil
Antiviral activity of the essential oil of Melaleuca alternifolia (Maiden and Betche) Cheel (Tea Tree) against Tobacco Mosaic Virus
TLDR
Essential oil of Melaleuca alternifolia was tested for antiviral activity against Tobacco Mosaic Virus and was effective in significantly decreasing lesion numbers for at least 10 days post inoculation.
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