Several human neurodegenerative disorders are caused by expansion of CAG repeats that occurs during meiosis or gametogenesis. We anticipated that the CAG repeats cloned in a plasmid of Saccharomyces cerevisiae might undergo a change in the number of repeats during meiosis and sporulation. To test this possibility, we devised a new method to change in vitro the number of CAG repeats and constructed plasmids carrying (CAG)39, (CAG)65 or (CAG)123 from a plasmid carrying (CAG)18. We monitored the number of colonies showing an altered length of the repeat tracts during mitosis and meiotic growth. Contraction of long CAG repeat was found to occur frequently, whereas a few cases of expansion were observed. The contraction was equally enhanced in both orientations when the host cells grew through meiosis. Thus, our results suggest that long CAG repeats are destabilized during meiosis or gametogenesis in S. cerevisiae.