Megabraula, a new genus for two new species of Braulidae (Diptera), and a discussion of braulid evolution

  title={Megabraula, a new genus for two new species of Braulidae (Diptera), and a discussion of braulid evolution},
  author={David A. Grimaldi and Benjamin A. Underwood},
  journal={Systematic Entomology},
ABSTRACT. Megabraula gen.n. is erected for two new species, M.antecessor and M.onerosa, both found coinhabiting nests of Apis laboriosa in Nepal. Because of their many modifications, the features that distinguish Braula, the other genus in the family, and Braulidae in general are revised. Braulid biology is reviewed, particularly the adaptations involved with the origin of and progressive specialization to commensalism with honey bees. 

Fossil Curtonotidae (Diptera: Schizophora: Ephydroidea)

These are the only definitive fossils of the family and the only Curtonotidae known from the Caribbean and provide rare data on the geological occurrence of ephydroid flies, essential for estimated divergence times.

Setting the records straight II: “single spermatheca” of Braula coeca (Diptera: Braulidae) is really the ventral receptacle

  • M. Kotrba
  • Biology
    Organisms Diversity & Evolution
  • 2019
The ventral receptacle of B. coeca is described and illustrated in detail together with other aspects of the female reproductive tract and is of importance for correct character coding in phylogenetic analyses and in the context of studies regarding recurrent trends in the evolution of the spermathecae and the vents.

First report of the bee louse Braula schmitzi (Diptera: Braulidae) in apiaries of the “Los Chillos” Valley, Province of Pichincha, Ecuador

The first report of B. schmitzi in hives of bees in Ecuador puts on alert the situation of beekeeping in Ecuador and would complement the missing information on the presence of this pest throughout South America.

Phylogenetic resolution of the fly superfamily Ephydroidea–Molecular systematics of the enigmatic and diverse relatives of Drosophilidae

To resolve relationships among a diverse sample of Ephydroidea, including the highly modified flies in the families Braulidae and Mormotomyiidae, phylogenomic sampling reaffirm that sampling of both taxa and characters is critical in hyperdiverse clades and that these factors have a major influence on phylogenomic reconstruction of the history of the schizophoran fly radiation.

The exceptional attachment ability of the ectoparasitic bee louse Braula coeca (Diptera, Braulidae) on the honeybee

Using high‐speed video analysis, the attachment forces generated by the bee lice in contact with the host are measured, and the morphology and material composition of the tarsi of B. coeca are characterized in detail.

Stiff upper lip: Labrum deformity and functionality in bees (Hymenoptera, Apoidea)

The labrum’s function in bees is discussed, as well as the implications of deformities to this and associated characteristics.

Spread and strain determination of Varroa destructor following its introduction to Mauritius and interactions with the bee louse Braula pretoriensis in honey bee colonies

To confirm the presence of Varroa on Mauritius, determine the species and strain and to study its spread and interactions with the bee louse Braula pretoriensis, two surveys were conducted in September and November 2014.

The vision of David Grimaldi

This issue has been compiled in recognition of David A. Grimaldi’s remarkable ongoing impact on the fields of paleontology, entomology, and evolutionary biology.

The genome of the bee louse fly reveals deep convergences in the evolution of social inquilinism

Analysis of the genome of the wingless and blind bee louse fly Braula coeca indicates that deep genetic convergences between phylogenetically distant organisms can underlie the evolution of social inquilinism and establishes a new model for the study of major morphological and neuroethological transitions.

Bibliography of the Asian Species of Honeybees

This bibliography of the literature on species of honeybees native to Asia is an extension of the recently published bibliographies on Apis andreniformis, and incomplete citations (particularly in Chinese) are given because complete information could not always be obtained, and they are marked with an asterisk.



On Braula coeca Nitsch and its affinities

The developmental stages of Braula coeca are described and the pupa is apparently unique among Cyclorrhapha in that it is enclosed within the unmodified cuticle of the 3rd instar larva, no puparium being formed.

Different classification systems in the Diptera

The article reviews and compares different systems in the primary classification of the order Diptera, including the traditional ones and those of recent catalogues, the cladistic works by Hennig,

Preliminary Studies of the Internal Structures of Braula Coeca Nitzsch.

According to Muggenberg (7), the structure of the head vesicle shows a close relationship between Braula and the Hippoboscidae, and Egger proposed the special family, Braulidae, while Handlirsch removed the Braula from the Pupipara and placed it in a separate family next to the Phoridae.


The little known giant honeybee Apis laboriosa is morphologically compared with A. dorsata in worker characters and is considered the distinct world largest honeybee species.

Recent Advances in the Primary Classification of the Diptera

The work of Hennig and Griffiths on the basic classification of the Diptera is summarized in a dendrogram and discussion, in which is also set forth the author's solution to a formal problem in the

Dual origin of highly social behavior among bees.

  • M. WinstonC. Michener
  • Biology
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 1977
A study of behavior and structure indicates that highly eusocial behavior arose twice in the bees--i.e., in the stingless bees (Meliponinae) and in the honeybees (Apinae). Morphological features

Distribution of the Bee Louse Braula Coeca Nitzsch in Honeybee Colonies and its Preferences Among Workers, Queens and Drones

In laboratory and field tests bee lice preferred younger (hive) bees (Apis mellifera) to older (worker) bees, and mated queens to virgin queens, and cuckoo queens toirgin queens, while worker bees were preferred to drones at 25°C.

Les Insectes parasites de l'homme et des animaux domestiques

The handbook of M. Seguy is notable as a very concise and practical illustrated epitome of the subject, and concludes with a well-chosen bibliography of more than 300 references, which, along with the numer ous footnotes, includes most of the important sources of information.

Die Familien der Diptera Schizophora und ihre phylogenetischen Verwandtschaftsbeziehungen

Fur alle Familien der Diptera Schizophora, insbesondere der sogenannten Acalyptratae, wird die Frage untersucht, ob und mit welcher Begrundung sie als monophyletische Gruppen im Sinne der