Mediterranean diet and multiple health outcomes: an umbrella review of meta-analyses of observational studies and randomised trials

@article{Dinu2018MediterraneanDA,
  title={Mediterranean diet and multiple health outcomes: an umbrella review of meta-analyses of observational studies and randomised trials},
  author={Monica Dinu and Giuditta Pagliai and Alessandro Casini and Francesco Sofi},
  journal={European Journal of Clinical Nutrition},
  year={2018},
  volume={72},
  pages={30-43}
}
Research has shown that a greater adherence to the Mediterranean diet is associated with a reduced risk of major chronic disease. [...] Key Result Thirteen meta-analyses of observational studies and 16 meta-analyses of RCTs investigating the association between the adherence to the Mediterranean diet and 37 different health outcomes, for a total population of over than 12 800 000 subjects, were identified.Expand
The Effect of the Mediterranean Diet on Metabolic Health: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Controlled Trials in Adults
TLDR
A consistent direction of beneficial effect of the MD was observed for the vast majority of outcomes examined, suggesting the MD’s benefits on metabolic health, supports the need to promote this dietary pattern to adult populations. Expand
The Mediterranean Diet and Cardiovascular Disease: Gaps in the Evidence and Research Challenges
TLDR
The evidence indicates that the MD prevents CVD, and there is a need for RCTs that test the effectiveness of the MD for preventing CVD. Expand
The Mediterranean diet and health: a comprehensive overview
The Mediterranean diet (MedDiet), one of the most studied and well‐known dietary patterns worldwide, has been associated with a wide range of benefits for health. In the present narrative review, weExpand
The Mediterranean Diet and Cardiovascular Health: A Critical Review
TLDR
Criteria for causality was met, potential sources of controversies did not represent any reason to compromise the main findings of the available observational studies and randomized controlled trials, and the available evidence is large, strong, and consistent. Expand
Effect of Promoting the Mediterranean Diet and Physical Activity on Metabolic Risk Factors in Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomised Controlled
Adhering to the Mediterranean diet (MD) and physical activity (PA) public health guidelines have independently been linked to health benefits in adults. These behaviours form essential components ofExpand
Osteoarthritis and the Mediterranean Diet: A Systematic Review
TLDR
Three studies included in this systematic review demonstrated some relation between osteoarthritis and a Mediterranean diet, however, prospective and longer interventions are required to evaluate the long-term efficacy of the Mediterranean diet to improve symptomatology and preventing OA. Expand
Mediterranean diet and mortality in the elderly: a prospective cohort study and a meta-analysis.
TLDR
A prospective cohort study and a meta-analysis showed that closer adherence to the MD was associated with prolonged survival in elderly individuals, suggesting the appropriateness for older persons to adopt/preserve the MD to maximise their prospects for survival. Expand
Effects of Popular Diets on Anthropometric and Cardiometabolic Parameters: An Umbrella Review of Meta-Analyses of Randomized Controlled Trials.
TLDR
Among all the diets evaluated, the Mediterranean diet had the strongest and most consistent evidence of a beneficial effect on both anthropometric parameters and cardiometabolic risk factors. Expand
The Combined Effect of Promoting the Mediterranean Diet and Physical Activity on Metabolic Risk Factors in Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomised Controlled Trials
TLDR
The data presented here provide systematically identified evidence that concurrently promoting the MD and PA is likely to provide an opportunity for metabolic risk reduction, however, due to the high degree of heterogeneity, the small number of included studies, findings from the pooled analysis should be interpreted with caution. Expand
Translation of a Mediterranean-Style Diet into the Australian Dietary Guidelines: A Nutritional, Ecological and Environmental Perspective
TLDR
Heterogeneity in the dietary protocols and prescriptive interpretation of a MedDiet is reported across all studies presented in this review, making interpretations of the efficacy and adherence challenging. Expand
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Dietary patterns, Mediterranean diet, and cardiovascular disease
TLDR
Consistent evidence suggests that the promotion of the Mediterranean dietary pattern is an effective and feasible tool for the prevention of CVD. Expand
Adherence to a Mediterranean diet and risk of diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis
TLDR
Greater adherence to a Mediterranean diet is associated with a significant reduction in the risk of diabetes, and these results seem to be clinically relevant for public health, in particular for encouraging a Mediterranean-like dietary pattern for primary prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Expand
The effect of Mediterranean diet on metabolic syndrome and its components: a meta-analysis of 50 studies and 534,906 individuals.
TLDR
The combined effect of prospective studies and clinical trials showed that adherence to the Mediterranean diet was associated with reduced risk of MS, and results from epidemiological studies also confirmed those of clinical trials. Expand
The Effect of the Mediterranean Diet on Hypertension: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
TLDR
Meta-analysis showed that interventions aiming at adopting an MD pattern for at least 1 year reduced both the systolic BP and diastolic BP levels in individuals with normal BP or mild hypertension, and insufficient convincing evidence to suggest that the MD decreased BP was found. Expand
A journey into a Mediterranean diet and type 2 diabetes: a systematic review with meta-analyses
TLDR
The Mediterranean diet was associated with better glycaemic control and cardiovascular risk factors than control diets, including a lower fat diet, suggesting that it is suitable for the overall management of type 2 diabetes. Expand
Mediterranean dietary pattern, inflammation and endothelial function: a systematic review and meta-analysis of intervention trials.
TLDR
Evidence is provided that an MD decreases inflammation and improves endothelial function and that high adherence to a Mediterranean diet is associated with reduced all-cause and cardiovascular mortality risk. Expand
Mediterranean diet and health status: an updated meta-analysis and a proposal for a literature-based adherence score
TLDR
The Mediterranean diet was found to be a healthy dietary pattern in terms of morbidity and mortality and a literature-based adherence score was proposed that can represent an easy tool for the estimation of adherence to the Mediterranean diet also at the individual level. Expand
Adherence to Mediterranean diet and risk of developing cognitive disorders: An updated systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies
TLDR
Dose-response analysis indicated a trend of an approximately linear relationship of the Mediterranean diet score with the incident risk of cognitive disorders, and further studies of randomized controlled trials are warranted to confirm the observed association in different populations. Expand
Adherence to the Mediterranean diet is inversely associated with metabolic syndrome occurrence: a meta-analysis of observational studies
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Adherence to a Mediterranean dietary pattern was associated with lower risk of metabolic syndrome and it can be proposed for the primary prevention of the MetS. Expand
Mediterranean diet and weight loss: meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
TLDR
Mediterranean diet may be a useful tool to reduce body weight, especially when the Mediterranean diet is energy-restricted, associated with physical activity, and more than 6 months in length. Expand
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