Mediterranean diet and longevity.

  title={Mediterranean diet and longevity.},
  author={Antonia Trichopoulou and Elena Critselis},
  journal={European journal of cancer prevention : the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation},
  volume={13 5},
  • A. TrichopoulouE. Critselis
  • Published 1 October 2004
  • Medicine
  • European journal of cancer prevention : the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation
While several investigations have focused on the association between individual foods and nutrients upon the development of chronic diseases, few have examined the role that entire dietary patterns may play in health and disease. A dietary pattern generally considered to have beneficial health effects is that of the Mediterranean diet. In this paper, five cohort studies exploring the association of Mediterranean diet with overall mortality and hence longevity are reviewed. A number of… 

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In nutritional epidemiology the traditional approach has been to assess single nutrients or food items. Now, a growing interest exists in dietary patterns. The study of dietary patterns with a

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Evidence is reinforced that specific eating habits, in addition to healthy and active lifestyles, are crucial to increase people’s health span and to achieve an optimal longevity.

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Human evidence of the biological properties of olive oil and tomato constituents is reviewed and a research approach by which the bioactive elements of a wild plant are first studied in vitro to build biochemical evidence, then in vivo to obtain proof of their vasomodularoty activity is illustrated.

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Major dietary patterns are predictors of plasma biomarkers of CVD and obesity risk, suggesting that the effect of overall diet on CVD risk may be mediated through these biomarkers.

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The examination of dietary patterns and disease has been with us for some time but has not received the same level of consideration that nutrient- and food-based analyses have, so the relation between 2 dietary patterns, the so-called prudent and Western patterns, and biomarkers of cardiovascular disease risk is examined.

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One clear conclusion from existing epidemiologic evidence is that many individuals in the United States have suboptimal diets and that the potential for disease prevention by improved nutrition is substantial.

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Greater adherence to the traditional Mediterranean diet is associated with a significant reduction in total mortality.

Cancer and Mediterranean dietary traditions.

The incidence of cancer overall in Mediterranean countries is lower than in Scandinavian countries, the United Kingdom, and the United States. This is mostly accounted for by the lower incidence

Dietary patterns and the risk of coronary heart disease in women.

A diet high in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, poultry, and fish and low in refined grains, potatoes, and red and processed meats may lower risk of CHD.

AHA Science Advisory: Lyon Diet Heart Study. Benefits of a Mediterranean-style, National Cholesterol Education Program/American Heart Association Step I Dietary Pattern on Cardiovascular Disease.

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