Mediterranean Sea level variations during the Messinian salinity crisis

  title={Mediterranean Sea level variations during the Messinian salinity crisis},
  author={J. Gargani and Christophe Rigollet},
  journal={Geophysical Research Letters},
The Mediterranean Basin has not always been connected to the Atlantic Ocean. During the Messinian salinity crisis (MSC), the Mediterranean Sea became progressively isolated by a complex combination of tectonic and glacio‐eustatic processes. When isolated, the Mediterranean water level depends on the hydrological flux and is expected to vary significantly. The amplitude and number of large water level fluctuations in the isolated Mediterranean is still controversial, despite numerous geological… 

Evaporite accumulation during the Messinian Salinity Crisis: The Suez Rift case

The Mediterranean Basin may have not always been connected to the Atlantic Ocean. During the Messinian Salinity Crisis (5.96–5.33 Myr), the Mediterranean Sea reduced progressively its connection with

Isostatic response and geomorphological evolution of the Nile valley during the Messinian salinity crisis

During the Messinian salinity crisis (5.96-5.33 Ma), the Mediterranean Sea was disconnected from the Atlantic Ocean. As a consequence, a dramatic sea-level fall occurred during part of the crisis and

Critical analysis of Mediterranean sea level limit cycles during the Messinian salinity crisis

  • M. Baum
  • Environmental Science
    Geologica Acta
  • 2021
The Messinian Salinity Crisis (5.97-5.33Ma) may be one of the most significant periods of sea-level change in recent geologic history. During this period, evaporite deposition throughout the

Messinian salinity crisis regulated by competing tectonics and erosion at the Gibraltar arc

Numerical modelling suggests that the competition between uplift and erosion can result in harmonic coupling between erosion and the Mediterranean sea level, providing an alternative mechanism for the cyclicity observed in early salt precipitation deposits and calling into question previous ideas regarding the timing of the events that occurred during the Messinian salinity crisis.

Limited Mediterranean sea-level drop during the Messinian salinity crisis inferred from the buried Nile canyon

The extreme Mediterranean sea-level drop during the Messinian salinity crisis has been known for >50 years, but its amplitude and duration remain a challenge. Here we estimate its amplitude by

Erosion of continental margins in the Western Mediterranean due to sea-level stagnancy during the Messinian Salinity Crisis

High-resolution multi-channel seismic data from continental slopes with minor sediment input off southwest Mallorca Island, the Bay of Oran (Algeria) and the Alboran Ridge reveal evidence that the



Deep roots of the Messinian salinity crisis

Using a thermomechanical model, it is shown that westward roll back of subducted Tethys oceanic lithosphere and associated asthenospheric upwelling provides a plausible mechanism for producing the shift in magma chemistry and the necessary uplift along the African and Iberian continental margins to close the Miocene marine gateways, thereby causing the Messinian salinity crisis.

Chronology, causes and progression of the Messinian salinity crisis

The Messinian salinity crisis is widely regarded as one of the most dramatic episodes of oceanic change of the past 20 or so million years (refs 1–3). Earliest explanations were that extremely thick

Late Miocene events in the Mediterranean as recorded by carbonate-evaporice relations

The Messinian Stage in the Mediterranean region is known mainly because of a major evaporitic event whose causes and global implications are still under discussion. Correlations between basinal

The opening of the Plio-Quaternary Gibraltar Strait: assessing the size of a cataclysm

  • P. Blanc
  • Geography, Environmental Science
  • 2002
Abstract The widespread Lago-Mare facies show that the Mediterranean was fully isolated from the World Ocean at the end of the Messinian salinity crisis (MSC): the Plio-Quaternary Gibraltar Strait

Messinian subaerial erosion of the proto-Nile Delta☆