Medieval Contributions to the Search for Truth in Clinical Medicine

  title={Medieval Contributions to the Search for Truth in Clinical Medicine},
  author={Walter J. Daly and Walter J D. Craig Brater},
  journal={Perspectives in Biology and Medicine},
  pages={530 - 540}
As these examples suggest, prescriptions used in Western Europe during the Middle Ages tended to be complex and expensive, often assembled from ingredients obtained over great distances. Although apothecaries became available in many cities toward the end of this era, often serving the dual role of compounders of medicines and purveyors of spices [3], physicians were expected to be able to compound many of their own prescriptions, and they may also have supervised the work of apothecaries… Expand

Topics from this paper

Clinical pharmacology in the Middle Ages: Principles that presage the 21st century
The purpose of this essay is to show that many of the current principles of drug evaluation and therapeutics were considered and articulated by scholars of this era, which is even more remarkable when one considers the setting in which they worked. Expand
Evidence-Based Traditional Persian Medicine
Clinical decision-making is referred to as a social process in which the dentist, the patient, and the other bodies like the insurer each has a role to play. The practice of traditional medicine isExpand
The Therapeutic Test: An Ancient Malady in the 21 st Century
To reduce the frequency of unwarranted therapeutic tests, health-care professionals and educators must take steps to rectify the problem. Expand
Experimental medicine 1000 years ago
The study critically evaluated and documented the contributions to the development of the scientific method and experimental medicine during that medieval Islamic era in several areas including critical appraisal of previous knowledge, clinical observations and case reports, clinical therapeutic trials, drug potency trials, experimentation on animals, dissection and dissection experiments as well as postmortem examinations. Expand
Legacy of Avicenna and evidence-based medicine.
The aim of this paper is to explore the origins and influence of Avicennian logic, which inspired the new style of thought associated with the scientific revolution, which later came to be reflected in 'scientific medicine', and may therefore have been an indirect source of EBM today. Expand
Exploring the roots of clinical trial methodology in medieval Islamic medicine
The roots of clinical trial methodology have been traced back to the medieval Islamic tradition and the contribution of Islamic scholars in this field is discussed. Expand
The Eye Book of Master Peter of Spain – a glimpse of diagnosis and treatment of eye disease in the Middle Ages
The first published English translation of De Oculis is presented, based on a synthesis of the medieval Latin manuscripts and a German translation from the 19th century, which provides a glimpse of the practice of medicine in the Middle Ages. Expand
This review discussed onAlternative medicine, history of alternative medicine, regulation and herbalism, including Ayurveda, Homeopathy and Naturopathy. Expand
Charmed with a name.
  • P. Mackowiak
  • Medicine
  • The American journal of the medical sciences
  • 2012
“Evidence-based medicine” is a name of more recent vintage that refers to a different kind of idealistic state, one in which the practice of medicine is based on the conscientious, explicit and judicious use of the best evidence available, one that de-emphasizes intuition, unsystematic clinical experience and pathophysiological rationale in clinical decision making in favor of evidence generated through carefully performed clinical research. Expand
Myrrh: medical marvel or myth of the Magi?
Traditional practice and evidence-based research have supported that these properties are directly attributable to terpenoids, the active compounds present in myrrh essential oil, and current studies have focused on applying clinical trial methodologies to validate its use as an antineoplastic, an antiparasitic agent, and as an adjunct in healing wounds. Expand


The First Aphorism of Hippocrates
  • D. Richards
  • Medicine
  • Perspectives in biology and medicine
  • 1961
This quintet of epigrams, as everyone knows, forms the first part of the First Aphorism of Hippocrates. It sets forth, as a background for the teaching of the practice ofmedicine, the difficultiesExpand
An Account of the Foxglove and some of its Medical Uses
An account of the foxglove and some its medical uses and the reasonable reasons why you need to read this book are shown. Expand
  • C. Bernard
  • Medicine
  • The Medical journal of Australia
  • 1965
What do you do to start reading an introduction to the study of experimental medicine claude bernard? Searching the book that you love to read first or find an interesting book that will make youExpand
On medical experience
B. J. Good dans son ouvrage « Medecine, rationality and experience : an anthropological perspective » rejette le « paradigme empirique » (ou « epistemologie populaire ») ainsi que l'approche «Expand
Arzt im Purpur
The Apologie And Treatise of Ambroise Pare
An inquiry into the causes and effects of the Variolæ vaccinæ, 1798