Medicine and the Holocaust: Learning More of the Lessons

  title={Medicine and the Holocaust: Learning More of the Lessons},
  author={Barron H. Lerner and David J Rothman},
  journal={Annals of Internal Medicine},
It is no exaggeration to declare that the greatest blot on the record of medicine in the 20th century is the role played by German physicians in the Nazi era. At the postwar trial at Nuremberg, the court found 15 German physicians guilty of war crimes and sentenced 7 of them to death [1]. After the trial, the German medical establishment carefully cultivated the theory that the violations that had occurred were the acts of this handful of physicians working in a few notorious concentration… 
Care of the Medical Ethos, with Some Comments on Research: Reflections after the Holocaust
  • J. Barondess
  • Medicine
    Perspectives in biology and medicine
  • 2000
Traditional views of the core values of medicine were profoundly and violently disrupted during the l930s and l940s, as the medical profession in Germany lent itself to the perceptions and priorities
Care of the Medical Ethos: Reflections on Social Darwinism, Racial Hygiene, and the Holocaust
The core values of medicine, centered on compassionate and apolitical care of the sick, were profoundly and violently disrupted during the 1930s and 1940s, when the medical profession in Germany
The Nazi Doctors and Nuremberg: Some Moral Lessons Revisited
What the Nazi doctors illustrate is that ethical teaching has to be sustained by the ethical values of the larger community, and ethics is a bulwark against the use of medical knowledge for purposes other than for the good of the sick.
Lectures on Inhumanity: Teaching Medical Ethics in German Medical Schools Under Nazism
It is demonstrated that Nazi-influenced medical ethics became an integral part of the curriculum at all German medical schools between 1939 and 1945 and suggest that medical ethics itself can be corrupted and that a political and public realm of reason and humanity may be more vital in preventing immoral medical conduct than formal instruction in medical ethics.
The social responsibilities of health professionals. Lessons from their role in Nazi Germany.
The Nuremberg Code, the Declaration of Helsinki, and other codes that in part arose from the trial have assumed major importance in the design of research on humans, the selection of subjects and the assurance of their free and informed consent, and reporting the results of the research.
The tainted legacy of Hans Reiter.
Hans Reiter's legacy is sufficiently tainted that the professional and ethical position of the medical community should be to no longer afford him this recognition and he should be remembered symbolically to remind us of the authors' moral and professional responsibilities to prevent the kind of "experiments" he perpetrated as Director of the Nazi office for such matters.
Revisiting Hateful Science: The Nazi “Contribution” to the Journey of Antisemitism
While this volume of the Journal of Hate Studies is devoted to “The Science of Hate”—research and knowledge about hate’s origins and manifestations seen through the lens of the empirical
First do no harm
Observant and perceptive readers of Landmarks in Hepatology will surely have noticed that until now there has been no mention of Hans Eppinger nor any reference to his many contributions in the field, and this month’s article will redress the balance.
Judging the Past: How History Should Inform Bioethics
This paper revisits several scandals that are typically discussed in bioethics education and training to generate a more historically informed assessment of immoral behavior.
A tribute to Italian physiologists of Jewish descent evicted during the persecution ordered by the Fascist Regime in 1938.
The present report commemorates the persecution of five renowned Italian physiologists of Jewish descent that lost their chairs in medical schools because of the anti-semitic policies of the fascist