Medical Screening and Biological Monitoring: A Guide to the Literature for Physicians

  title={Medical Screening and Biological Monitoring: A Guide to the Literature for Physicians},
  author={Leela I. Murthy and William E. Halperin},
  journal={Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine},
The use of medical screening and biological monitoring has seen substantial changes in the past two decades specifically in the provision of occupational medical services. For example, national surveys of workplaces conducted by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) showed that the provision of off-site medical care to workers increased from 19.6% in 1972-1974 to 57.8% in 1981- 1983, although the percent of workers receiving on-site services remained stable during… 
Two NIOSH Resources for Implementing Workplace Safety and Health Surveillance
  • L. I. Murthy
  • Medicine
    Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
  • 1997
To improve safety and health in the workplace, appropriate occupational health programs should be implemented utilizing expertise from multiple disciplines, from the industrial hygienist, to the safety officer, toThe occupational health nurse, and the practicing physician.
The biological exposure indices: a key component in protecting workers from toxic chemicals.
  • M. Morgan
  • Medicine, Chemistry
    Environmental health perspectives
  • 1997
A number of challenges and stimuli to the continued development and improvement of these reference values are described, and the impact of recent advances in macromolecular biology is assessed.
Breath, urine, and blood measurements as biological exposure indices of short-term inhalation exposure to methanol
Investigation of relationships between methanol concentrations in the blood, urine, and breath of volunteers exposed to meethanol vapor at 800 ppm for periods of 0.5, 1, 2, and 8 h indicates factors that must be considered for interpretation of the results of biological monitoring.
Building informed consent for cholinesterase monitoring among pesticide handlers in Washington State.
Both the written and audiotape formats significantly improved comprehension; but, for subjects with less than 7 years of schooling, audiotapes in Spanish yielded significantly higher scores.
Airborne emissions at skin surfaces: a potential biological exposure index
Simple, rapid, and noninvasive skin headspace measurements appear useful as a biological exposure indicator that clearly shows the presence and site of a dermal exposure, and measurements at unexposed skin reflect concentrations in blood.
Search, Analysis and Visual Comparison of Massive and Heterogeneous Data
The Medical Multi-project ICOP system (M2ICOP) is proposed which was an interactive system dedicated particularly to clinicians and researchers in the medical field to help them explore, visualize and analyze a set of medical data really large and heterogeneous.