Medical Robotics

  title={Medical Robotics},
  author={Jaydev P. Desai},
The evolution of robotics in surgery is a new and exciting development. Surgical robotics brings together many disparate areas of research such as: design, development and modeling of robotic systems, nonlinear control, safety in medical robotics, ergonomics in minimally invasive procedures, and last but not the least, surgery. Over the past decade there have been significant advances in basic research and technology that have made it possible for the development of robots for surgery. One of… 

Application of robotics in medical fields: rehabilitation and surgery

The study found that rehabilitation and surgery robotics applications grow extensively with the finding of new invention, as well as research that is being undertaken and to be undertaken.

A novel actuation technology for safe physical human-robot interactions

The robotic device principle is introduced, together with its original actuation, which is developed and experimentally assessed for a one DOF system and the generalization to more DOF, as required to complete medical tasks, is discussed.

Mechanical and Kinematic Design of Surgical Mini Robotic Manipulator used into SP-LAP Multi-DOF Platform for Training and Simulation

Surgical robotics is the new age of minimally invasive procedures, for this reason, it is important to acquire fundamental skills using training and simulation. Therefore, a research study was

Optimization of a spherical mechanism for a minimally invasive surgical robot: theoretical and experimental approaches

A complete kinematic analysis and optimization incorporating the requirements for MIS was performed to find the optimal link lengths of the manipulator, and the results show that for the serial spherical 2-link manipulator used to guide the surgical tool, the ideal link lengths are (60/spl deg/, 50/ spl deg/).

Human-friendly robotic manipulators: Safety and performance issues in controller design

This thesis introduces a domestic robot design that adopts a modular design approach to minimize complexity, cost and development time and identifies suitable metrics to identify the appropriate impedance for a given performance and safety requirement.

Analysis of Path Planning Algorithms For Service Robots in Hospital Environment

  • P. NavyaR. Ranjith
  • Computer Science
    2021 12th International Conference on Computing Communication and Networking Technologies (ICCCNT)
  • 2021
The purpose of this paper is to compare two well-known grid-based algorithms BFS & DFS and conclude with the optimal path finding algorithm for the medical robots in a virtualized ward of 20x20 grid plan.

The Safety of Domestic Robotics: A Survey of Various Safety-Related Publications

A general survey of various safety-related publications that focus on safety criteria and metrics, mechanical design and actuation, and controller design is presented.

Conception of Arm of Medical Robot Dedicated to Application of Minimally Invasive Surgery

In this article only a few aspects of designing the surgical manipulator's arm will be chosen with the consideration of the kinematic structure of mechanical actuators system together with the

Novel Design Of Detachable Surgical Tool For Robotic Assisted Minimal Invasive Surgery

In modern surgical operation, a surgeon using a robotic surgical system which use a manipulator (a variety of surgical instruments, such as tissue graspers, needle drivers), Each of these

Medical telerobotic systems: current status and future trends

A systematic review of the relevant literature between the years 2004 and 2015, focusing on medical teleoperated robotic systems, provides a classification into short- and long-distance telerobotic systems, depending on the distance from which they are operated.



Experiences with robotic systems for knee surgery

A system is described here that exploits the synergy between robot and surgeon, and exploits a software based motion constraint system to ensure that the surgeon cannot move a cutting device connected to the robot outside of a safe region, or resect more bone than is required.

A New Robot for High Dexterity Microsurgery

The development of a new six degree-of-freedom (d.o.f.) manipulator that has zero backlash in five joints and can sustain full extent loads of over three pounds for minimally invasive surgery is reported.

Computer-Integrated Surgery: Technology and Clinical Applications

In Computer-Integrated Surgery leading researchers and clinical practitioners describe the exciting new partnership that is being forged between surgeons and machines such as computers and robots, enabling them to perform certain skilled tasks better than either can do alone.

Image guided operating robot: a clinical application in stereotactic neurosurgery

Describes a system based on the combined use of medical imaging and robot positioning used in stereotactic neurosurgery that requires a high precision of positioning with respect to the patients brain with no direct visibility of the target.

A Steady-Hand Robotic System for Microsurgical Augmentation

The goal is to develop a manipulation system with the precision and sensitivity of a machine, but with the manipulative transparency and immediacy of hand-held tools for tasks characterized by compliant or semi-rigid contacts with the environment.

Computer Vision, Virtual Reality and Robotics in Medicine

  • N. Ayache
  • Medicine
    Lecture Notes in Computer Science
  • 1995
This book contains the written contributions to the program of the First In- ternational Conference on Computer Vision, Virtual Reality, and Robotics in Medicine (CVRMed'95) held in Nice during the

Development and validation of a navigational guidance system for acetabular implant placement

The goals of the current HipNav system are to reduce dislocations following total hip replacement surgery due to acetabular malposition, determine and potentially increase the “safe” range of motion, and track in real-time the position of the pelvis and acetabulum during surgery.

A Novel Mechanical Transmission Applied to Percutaneous Renal Access

This paper presents a radiological guidance method and robotic system designed to facilitate renal surgical procedures. Combines the guidance procedure normally employed by practicing surgeons with

Clinical orthopaedics and related research

CORR® publishes content of value to both generalists and specialists on all aspects of musculoskeletal research, diagnoses, and treatment:Original articles focusing on timely clinical issues.Research