Medical Consequences of Marijuana Use: A Review of Current Literature

  title={Medical Consequences of Marijuana Use: A Review of Current Literature},
  author={Adam J. Gordon and James W. Conley and Joanne M. Gordon},
  journal={Current Psychiatry Reports},
With the advent of legalization of marijuana for medicinal and recreational purposes, and the increase use of marijuana, healthcare providers will be increasingly confronted with marijuana users as patients in clinical environments. While there is vast literature regarding the societal and mental health harms associated with marijuana use, there is a paucity of reviews of the potential consequences of marijuana use on physical health or medical conditions. We examine the recent literature on… 
Legalization of marijuana for non-medical use: health, policy, socioeconomic, and nursing implications.
  • Anne Durkin
  • Medicine, Political Science
    Journal of psychosocial nursing and mental health services
  • 2014
The current article offers a discussion of the health, public policy, socioeconomic, and nursing implications of the legalization of marijuana for non-medical use in Colorado.
CEP Discussion Paper No 1546 May 2018 Medical Marijuana Laws and Mental Health in the United States Jörg
On average, it is found that medical marijuana laws lead to a reduction in the self-reported number of days with mental health problems, and reductions are largest for individuals with high propensities to consume marijuana for medical purposes and people who are likely to suffer from chronic pain.
Medical Marijuana and Marijuana Legalization.
It is suggested that the heterogeneity in the responsiveness of different populations to particular laws is important for interpreting the mixed findings from the literature, and the limitations of the existing literature in providing clear insights into the probable effects of marijuana legalization are highlighted.
Narrative review of the safety and efficacy of marijuana for the treatment of commonly state-approved medical and psychiatric disorders
There is insufficient evidence to support the recommendation of medical marijuana for the treatment of the most common medical and psychological conditions for which it has been allowed at the state level.
Comorbidity of Mental and Physical Illness: A Selective Review Abstract
This review of recent peer-reviewed literature regarding three substances of abuse (cocaine, marijuana and opioids) and their direct associations with physical disorders group the association of diseases based on organ systems and critically examine the literature regarding the evidence to supporting those associations and causative mechanisms.
Marijuana: Views on Its Medical Use Recorded at the Slovak Social Network.
We describe opinions on medical use of Cannabis sativa L under conditions of Slovakia (n = 717). Personal experience with marijuana was detected in 77.42% (n = 553) in age categories younger than 20
The Marijuana Phenomenon: Contradictions and Silence
It is necessary to overcome the silence about how providers view MJ, how it might be helpful, its risks, and cultural shifts that have accompanied a changed political/legal environment, and close the gaps in the nursing knowledge base regarding MJ as it affects users and how it is used interventionally.
Analysis of perception of harms and benefits associated with cannabis use among adolescents and how regulatory changes might affect their intention to use marijuana revealed that a strong perception of benefits, a low perception of risk, and friends’ use of cannabis were associated with individual use as well as intention toUse within a hypothetical context of regulatory change.
Marijuana and other cannabinoids as a treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder: A literature review
Although controlled research on marijuana and other cannabinoids’ effects on PTSD remains limited, rapid shifts in the legal landscape may now enable such studies, potentially opening new avenues in PTSD treatment research.


Marijuana as a trigger of cardiovascular events: speculation or scientific certainty?
Marijuana in pregnancy.
In the absence of uniform anaesthetic guidelines for pregnant patients with a history of drug abuse, including abuse of marijuana, the decision regarding administration of peripartum analgesia or anaesthesia should be individualised and conducted on a case-by-case basis.
Should physicians support the medical use of marijuana? Yes: it can be effective when all else fails. Point.
The evidence in this record clearly shows that marijuana has been accepted as capable of relieving the distress of great numbers of very ill people, and doing so with safety under medical supervision, and it would be unreasonable, arbitrary, and capricious to continue to stand between those sufferers and the benefits of this substance in light of the evidence.
Marijuana in pregnancy.
  • K. Kuczkowski
  • Medicine
    Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
  • 2004
In the absence of uniform anaesthetic guidelines for pregnant patients with a history of drug abuse, including abuse of marijuana, the decision regarding administration of peripartum analgesia or anaesthesia should be individualised and conducted on a case-by-case basis.
Respiratory effects of marijuana and tobacco use in a U.S. sample
The impact of marijuana smoking on respiratory health has some significant similarities to that of tobacco smoking, and efforts to prevent and reduce marijuana use may have substantial public health benefits associated with decreased respiratory health problems.
Illicit Drug Use and Neonatal Outcomes: A Critical Review
  • A. Schempf
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Obstetrical & gynecological survey
  • 2007
This review summarizes the epidemiologic literature on the neonatal impact of marijuana, opiate, and cocaine use and concludes that cocaine use is most consistently related to fetal growth decrements and dose-response effects have been observed.
Health care use by frequent marijuana smokers who do not smoke tobacco.
Daily marijuana smoking, even in the absence of tobacco, appeared to be associated with an elevated risk of health care use for various health problems, and was adjusted for sex, age, race, education, marital status, and alcohol consumption.
Cardiovascular Consequences of Marijuana Use
  • S. Sidney
  • Medicine, Biology
    Journal of clinical pharmacology
  • 2002
Research directions might include more studies of cardiovascular disease outcomes and relationships of marijuana with cardiovascular risk factors, studies of metabolic and physiologic effects of chronic marijuana use that may affect cardiovascular disease risk, increased understanding of the role of the cannabinoid receptor system in cardiovascular regulation, and studies to determine if there is a therapeutic role for cannabinoids in blood pressure control or for neuroprotection after stroke.