Mediastinal lymphadenopathy caused by Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare complex in a child with normal immunity: successful treatment with anti-mycobacterial drugs and laser bronchoscopy.

@article{Piedimonte1997MediastinalLC,
  title={Mediastinal lymphadenopathy caused by Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare complex in a child with normal immunity: successful treatment with anti-mycobacterial drugs and laser bronchoscopy.},
  author={Giovanni Piedimonte and Eric T Wolford and Lynn Ansley Fordham and Margaret W. Leigh and Robert B. Wood},
  journal={Pediatric pulmonology},
  year={1997},
  volume={24 4},
  pages={287-91}
}
We report on the case of a 9-month-old Caucasian girl referred to our institution with a history of fever of unknown origin and wheezing, unresponsive to bronchodilator and anti-inflammatory therapy. Subsequent investigation led to a diagnosis of mediastinal lymphadenopathy caused by Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare (MAI). The infected lymph tissue infiltrated and obstructed the right bronchus and significantly compressed the left bronchus to the point of near closure. Given the high degree… CONTINUE READING