Medial and lateral malleolar perforator flaps for repair of defects around the ankle.

@article{Koshima2003MedialAL,
  title={Medial and lateral malleolar perforator flaps for repair of defects around the ankle.},
  author={Isao Koshima and Seiko Itoh and Yuzaburo Nanba and Tetsuya Tsutsui and Yoshio Takahashi},
  journal={Annals of plastic surgery},
  year={2003},
  volume={51 6},
  pages={579-83}
}
Reconstruction for defects around the ankle continues to be challenging. Repairs have been effected with the dorsalis pedis flap, the medial plantar flap, and with reverse-flow island flaps using the anterior and posterior tibial systems and the peroneal system. However, sacrifice of the major vessels of the lower leg and wide and long scars at the donor site are disadvantages of these flaps. To overcome these disadvantages, the authors developed island lateral and medial malleolar flaps with… CONTINUE READING

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