Media Use and Political Predispositions: Revisiting the Concept of Selective Exposure

@article{Stroud2008MediaUA,
  title={Media Use and Political Predispositions: Revisiting the Concept of Selective Exposure},
  author={Natalie Jomini Stroud},
  journal={Political Behavior},
  year={2008},
  volume={30},
  pages={341-366}
}
  • N. Stroud
  • Published 1 September 2008
  • Business
  • Political Behavior
Today, people have ample opportunity to engage in selective exposure, the selection of information matching their beliefs. Whether this is occurring, however, is a matter of debate. While some worry that people increasingly are seeking out likeminded views, others propose that newer media provide an increased opportunity for exposure to diverse views. In returning to the concept of selective exposure, this article argues that certain topics, such as politics, are more likely to inspire… 

Politically Motivated Selective Exposure and Perceived Media Bias

If the individuals who are most likely to perceive media bias no longer encounter, via selective exposure, media content they might consider biased, why are perceptions of media bias so pervasive? We

Partisan Media Selective Exposure During the 2012 Presidential Election

This report explores the variables related to partisan selective media exposure, a process by which people select media outlets and content consistent with their political predispositions. This study

Communication, Persuasion, and the Conditioning Value of Selective Exposure: Like Minds May Unite and Divide but They Mostly Tune Out

Political observers of all types often express concerns that Americans are dangerously polarized on political issues and are, in part due to the availability of opinionated niche news programming

Conservative bias, selective political exposure and truly false consensus beliefs in political communication about the ‘refugee crisis’ in Germany

Analysis of theory-derived assumptions about antecedents and consequences of selective exposure to confirmative political information and opinions in the digital arena indicates that conservatism is a positive predictor of selecting confirmative information environments when it comes to migration and political asylum.

A Click Away: News Choice On the Internet.

This dissertation examines the technological shifts that influence the dynamics of information consumption and their implications for democratic citizenship. I focus on two factors that drive

The effects of extreme media on political behavior, attitudes, and media selection

This dissertation examines the role of extreme media (i.e. political talk radio and cable news opinion shows) on the political attitudes of viewers and listeners. I investigate whether extreme media

Self-Interest and Attention to News Among Issue Publics

To what extent are groups selectively exposed to news that affects their self-interest? We theorize that having an interest at stake in an issue increases the importance of related information,

A Balanced Information Diet, Not Echo Chambers: Evidence From A Direct Measure of Media Exposure

Do citizens seek out political information in a biased and selective manner, that is do they primarily watch, listen and read information supporting their side? Or, are they balanced- information

All the News You Want to Hear: The Impact of Partisan News Exposure on Political Participation

In a news media environment characterized by abundant choice, it is becoming increasingly easy for Americans to choose news sources slanted toward their own political views rather than sources

Exposure to Ideological News and Perceived Opinion Climate

Spiral-of-silence theory assumes that a monolithic stream of messages from mainstream media, leaving little ability for audiences to seek ideologically congruent news, affects people’s perceptions of
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 98 REFERENCES

Selective Exposure to a Presidential Campaign Appeal

The selective-exposure hypothesis is a widely-held assumption that people seek consonant information that supports or reinforces their previous beliefs and avoid dissonant, or challenging,

Media Effects, Selective Exposure, and Fahrenheit 9/11

With increasing media choice and diverse media outlets, people have more opportunities to engage in selective exposure. The present study investigates this phenomenon by looking at the widely viewed

Facilitating Communication across Lines of Political Difference: The Role of Mass Media

We use national survey data to examine the extent to which various sources of political information expose people to dissimilar political views. We hypothesize that the individual’s ability and

Seeking Similarity, Not Avoiding Difference: Reframing the Selective Exposure Debate

To what extent do individuals seek to craft an information environment that reflects their political predispositions? Unprecedented search and filtering capabilities facilitated by new information

Evaluation of Media Exposure Items In the 1989 NES Pilot Study

Price and Zaller examine the performance of various measures of media exposure in the 1988 National Election Study and the 1989 Pilot Study. They find: (1) Over reporting of media use by respondents

Partisan Cues and the Media: Information Flows in the 1992 Presidential Election

Electoral research acknowledges the growing significance of the mass media in contemporary campaigns, but scholars are divided on the nature of this influence. Using a unique database that includes

Attention to Counter-Attitudinal Messages in a State Election Campaign

Research following the "selective exposure" model has focused on avoidance of political messages with which a person might disagree. But positive attention to such "counter-attitudinal" messages is

Effect of Call‐In Political Talk Radio Shows on Their Audiences: Evidence from a Multi‐Wave Panel Analysis

This article examines the effect of political talk radio (PTR) shows on listeners’ political attitudes during the  presidential election in the United States. Two complementary approaches for

SELECTIVE EXPOSURE AND THE REINFORCEMENT HYPOTHESIS

This article tests the traditional two-part hypothesis that partisan predispositions motivate a person to be selectively exposed to political campaign communications, which in turn serve to reinforce

Information, Misinformation, and Political Talk Radio

This article provides an empirical test of the theory that individuals gather political knowledge by inferential reasoning -constructing political ”reality” from the messages to which they are
...