Media, Instability, and Democracy: Examining the GrangerCausal Relationships of 122 Countries From 1946 to 2003


Using cross-national time-series data in sequences of Granger causality tests, this study analyzed the democratic effects of media technologies with a sample of 122 countries. This process revealed that communication technologies are vital, but not exclusive or universal prerequisites of democratic growth. As expected by media system dependency (MSD) theory… (More)


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