Mecoptera is paraphyletic: multiple genes and phylogeny of Mecoptera and Siphonaptera

@article{Whiting2002MecopteraIP,
  title={Mecoptera is paraphyletic: multiple genes and phylogeny of Mecoptera and Siphonaptera},
  author={Michael Whiting},
  journal={Zoologica Scripta},
  year={2002},
  volume={31}
}
Phylogenetic relationships among members of the Mecoptera and Siphonaptera were inferred from DNA sequence data. Four loci (18S and 28S ribosomal DNA, cytochrome oxidase II and elongation factor‐1α) were sequenced for 69 taxa selected to represent major flea and mecopteran lineages. Phylogenetic analyses of these data support a paraphyletic Mecoptera with two major lineages: Nannochoristidae + (Siphonaptera + Boreidae) and Meropidae + ((Choristidae + Apteropanorpidae) (Panorpidae + (Panorpidae… Expand
Phylogeny of the holometabolous insect orders: molecular evidence
TLDR
Parsimony analysis supports the monophyly of all holometabolous insect orders except for Coleoptera and Mecoptera, but Antliophora andMecopterida are paraphyletic, and the limitations of using 18S ribosomal DNA as the sole phylogenetic marker for reconstructing insect ordinal relationships are discussed. Expand
Anchored phylogenomics of burrowing mayflies (Ephemeroptera) and the evolution of tusks
TLDR
The results indicated that Potamanthidae, Euthyplociidae, Behningiidae and Palingeniidae were recovered as monophyletic and Ephemeridae was not monophylets. Expand
A phylogeny of robber flies (Diptera: Asilidae) at the subfamilial level: molecular evidence.
TLDR
Phylogenetic analyses support the monophyly of Asilidae with Leptogastrinae as the most basal robber fly lineage and the need for further phylogenetic investigation of this group is indicated. Expand
A Comprehensive Phylogeny of Tettigoniidae (Orthoptera: Ensifera) Reveals Extensive Ecomorph Convergence and Widespread Taxonomic Incongruence
TLDR
The first comprehensive phylogenetic analysis of katydid taxa based on five molecular markers based on 18S rDNA, 28S r DNA, cytochrome c oxidase II, wingless, and histone 3 is presented, finding that the subfamilies Zaprochilinae, Saginaes, Pterochrozinae and Lipotactinae are monophyletic while Meconematinae is paraphyletic. Expand
Molecular phylogeny of Panorpidae (Insecta: Mecoptera) based on mitochondrial and nuclear genes.
TLDR
The phylogenetic relationships among 70 species of five genera in Panorpidae are analyzed using maximum likelihood and Bayesian inference based on two mitochondrial (cox1 and cox2) and one nuclear (28S rRNA) gene fragments with Panorpodes kuandianensis and Brachypanorpa carolinensis inPanorpodidae as outgroups. Expand
Molecular phylogeny of the scorpionflies Panorpidae (Insecta: Mecoptera) and chromosomal evolution
TLDR
The results reveal that Panorpidae is a well‐supported monophyletic group that can be categorized into two major clades, and Neopanorpa and Cerapanorpa are regarded as paraphyletic groups for the first time. Expand
A molecular phylogeny of fleas (Insecta: Siphonaptera): origins and host associations
TLDR
This analysis supports Tungidae as the most basal flea lineage, sister group to the remainder of the extant fleas, and the first formal analysis of flea relationships based on a molecular matrix of four loci for 128 flea taxa from around the world. Expand
Treehopper trees: phylogeny of Membracidae (Hemiptera: Cicadomorpha: Membracoidea) based on molecules and morphology
TLDR
The results of the combined data analyses grouped membracids into two well‐supported lineages, consistent with the following hypotheses: (1) the posterior pronotal process was derived and lost multiple times during the evolution of Membracidae; (3) maternal care evolved independently multiple times and may or may not have been preceded by the acquisition of ant mutualism. Expand
A century of paraphyly: a molecular phylogeny of katydids (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae) supports multiple origins of leaf-like wings.
TLDR
The phylogenetic relationships of Tettigoniidae (katydids and bush-crickets) were inferred using molecular sequence data and the small and exposed thoracic auditory spiracle was mapped and found it to be homoplasious. Expand
Towards a new paradigm in mayfly phylogeny (Ephemeroptera): combined analysis of morphological and molecular data
TLDR
This study represents the first formal morphological and combined (morphological and molecular) phylogenetic analyses of the order Ephemeroptera and some recognized families and major lineages were not supported as monophyletic, mainly due to convergences within nymphal characters. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 75 REFERENCES
Phylogeny of the holometabolous insect orders: molecular evidence
TLDR
Parsimony analysis supports the monophyly of all holometabolous insect orders except for Coleoptera and Mecoptera, but Antliophora andMecopterida are paraphyletic, and the limitations of using 18S ribosomal DNA as the sole phylogenetic marker for reconstructing insect ordinal relationships are discussed. Expand
Phylogenetic position of the Strepsiptera: Review of molecular and morphological evidence
TLDR
Molecular and molecular data suggest that the Strepsiptera are sister group to the Diptera, and a single character (posteromotorism) suggests a sister group relationship with the Coleoptera. Expand
The phylogenetic system of the Mecoptera
TLDR
Only the families mentioned in the following phylogenetic system of the Mecoptera are definitely members of the order. Expand
The Strepsiptera problem: phylogeny of the holometabolous insect orders inferred from 18S and 28S ribosomal DNA sequences and morphology.
TLDR
Phylogenetic relationships among the holometabolous insect orders were inferred from cladistic analysis of nucleotide sequences of 18S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) and 28S rDNA and morphological characters. Expand
Multiple sources of character information and the phylogeny of Hawaiian drosophilids.
TLDR
The data suggest that significant incongruence among data partitions may be isolated to specific relationships and the "false" signal creating this incongrience is most likely to be overcome by a simultaneous analysis. Expand
EVOLUTION OF THE EXTANT MECOPTERA1
The order Mecoptera is analysed morphologically to determine what the ancestral condition could have been, this order's relation to other holometabolous orders, and how the various families evolvedExpand
Biology of the Mecoptera
TLDR
The 348 species of Permian, Mesozoic, and Tertiary Mecoptera in fact show more diversity, based largely on wing venation, than modem ones and have been assigned to 87 genera in 34 families (171). Expand
18S Ribosomal RNA genes of insects : primary structure of the genes and molecular phylogeny of the Holometabola
TLDR
A sister group relationship of the Strepsiptera and the Diptera was found with both methods and with corrections for different substitution rates at different sites and for differences in the nucleotide composition. Expand
Phylogenie und verbreitungsgeschichte der eomeropidae (insecta: mecoptera) ein beispiel fur die anwendung der phylogenetischen systematik in der palaontologie
The colonisation history of the Eomeropidae (syn.: Notiothaumidae) is discussed based on the phylogenetic relationships among the five known genera of this family and their geographic distribution.Expand
Die Cytogenetik der Flöhe (Aphaniptera)
TLDR
Comparative studies of the chromosome cytology of the fleas of the Marsupialia do not support the concept of a closer phylogenetic relationship between the Aphaniptera and Nematocera, but do not preclude the possibility of a kinship of AphanIPtera and Neomecoptera. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...