Meconium aspiration syndrome and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.

  title={Meconium aspiration syndrome and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.},
  author={Peter Davis and Lara S. Shekerdemian},
  journal={Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition},
  volume={84 1},
Meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) is a common cause of lung disease in neonates. Meconium staining of amniotic fluid occurs in around 10% of all deliveries at term. Asphyxia before birth stimulates intestinal peristalsis and relaxation of the anal sphincter, and in more severe cases, gasping in utero, leading to meconium aspiration. Respiration after birth draws meconium firstly into the major airways and subsequently into the smaller airways, where it may cause obstruction, atelectasis, air… CONTINUE READING